S-MRUT: Sectored-Multi Ring Ultrasonic Transducer for Selective Powering of Brain Implants

Seyedsina Hosseini, Kjeld Laursen, Amin Rashidi, Tanmay Mondal, Brian Corbett, Farshad Moradi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

One of the main challenges of the current ultrasonic transducers for powering brain implants is the complexity of focusing ultrasonic waves in various axial and lateral directions. The available transducers usually use electrically controlled phased array for beamforming the ultrasonic waves, which increases the complexity of the system even further. In this paper, we propose a straightforward solution for selective powering of brain implants to remove the complexity of conventional phased arrays. Our approach features a Sectored-Multi Ring Ultrasonic Transducer (S-MRUT) on a single piezoelectric sheet, specifically designed for powering implantable devices for optogenetics in freely moving animals. The proposed uni-directional S-MRUT is capable of focusing the ultrasonic waves on brain implants located at different depths and regions of the brain. The S-MRUT is designed based on Fresnel Zone Plate (FZP) theory, simulated in COMSOL, and fabricated with microfabrication process. The acoustic profile of the seven different configurations of the SMRUT were measured using a hydrophone with the total number of 7436 grid points. The measurements show the ability of the proposed S-MRUT to sweep the focus point of the acoustic waves in the axial direction in depths of 1 – 3mm, which is suitable for powering implants in the striatum of the mouse. Furthermore, the proposed S-MRUT demonstrates a steering area with the average radius of 0:862mm, and 0:678mm in experiments, and simulations, respectively. The S-MRUT is designed with the size of 3.8 × 3.8 × 0.5mm3 and the weight of 0:054gr, showing that it is compact and light enough to be worn by a mouse. Finally, the S-MRUT was tested in our measurement setup, where it successfully transfers sufficient power to a 2:8mm3 optogentic stimulator to turn on a microLED on the stimulator.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9112273
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
Volume68
Issue1
Pages (from-to)191-200
Number of pages10
ISSN0885-3010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Acoustic transducer
  • Acoustics
  • Brain implant
  • Electrodes
  • Mice
  • Neural implants
  • Optogenetics
  • Transducers
  • Ultrasonic transducers
  • Uni-directional transducer

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