Runs of homozygosity and distribution of functional variants in cattle genome

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  • Qianqian Zhang, Denmark
  • Bernt Guldbrandtsen, Denmark
  • Mirte Bosse, Anmal Breeding and Genomics Centre, Wageningen UR Livestock Research, Netherlands
  • Mogens Sandø Lund
  • Goutam Sahana
Runs of homozygosity (ROH) are identified in four dairy cattle breeds using NGS data. Cattle populations have been exposed to strong artificial selection for some generations. Genomic regions under selection will show increased levels of ROH. By investigating the relationship between ROH and distribution of predicted deleterious and tolerated variants, we can gain insight into how selection shapes the distribution of functional variants in inbred regions. We observe that predicted deleterious variants are more enriched in ROHs than predicted tolerated variants. Moreover, increase of enrichment of deleterious variants is significantly more pronounced in short and medium ROH regions than long ROH regions (p<0.001). This study demonstrates that artificial selection strongly shapes the distribution of functional variants in ROH regions in cattle populations and contributes in understanding the effects of inbreeding on shaping the distribution of functional variants in cattle genome
Original languageEnglish
Publication year17 Aug 2014
Number of pages3
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2014
Event10th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production (WCGALP) - The Westin Bayshore, 1601 Bayshore Drive, Vancouver, BC V6G 2V4, Vancouver, Canada
Duration: 17 Aug 201422 Aug 2014
Conference number: 10th

Conference

Conference10th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production (WCGALP)
Number10th
LocationThe Westin Bayshore, 1601 Bayshore Drive, Vancouver, BC V6G 2V4
CountryCanada
CityVancouver
Period17/08/201422/08/2014

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