Root repair after damage due to screw insertion for orthodontic miniplate placement

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DOI

Background: The aim of this investigation was to describe the healing reactions following root damage caused by placement of a miniplate anchorage system.

Material and Methods: In 4 beagle dogs, 4 titanium miniplates (2 self-tapping screws per miniplate) were placed in each maxilla, after drilling of pilot-holes. Six fixation screws were unintentionally inserted damaging the root of maxillary canines. Two weeks later, half of the miniplates were loaded with a coil spring. Two dogs were euthanized 7 weeks after placement of the miniplates, while the remaining two after 29 weeks. Histological sections were prepared, microradiographed, observed under U.V. light, then stained and analysed under ordinary light.

Results: Four screws caused direct root damage; one was damaged during the drilling process; one caused damage to the periodontal ligament only. Among these 6 screws, 2 were mobile and 4 were stable at sacrifice. Limited root damage showed some repair after 29 weeks, consisting in a thick layer of mineralized cementum including anchoring periodontal fibres. Tissue repair was not related to screw stability or loading status.

Conclusions: Limited root damage has shown potential to heal, while extensive root damage has not. Precise position of insertion of the miniplates is thus of utmost importance. Key words:Temporary anchorage devices, animal studies, root resorption.

Original languageEnglish
Article number56472
JournalClinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
Volume11
Issue12
Pages (from-to)e1133-e1138
Number of pages6
ISSN1989-5488
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

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