Role of the trans-activation response element in dimerization of HIV-1 RNA

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The HIV-1 genome consists of two identical RNA strands that are linked together through non-covalent interactions. A major determinant for efficient dimerization of the two RNA strands is the interaction between palindromic sequences in the dimerization initiation site. Here we use an interplay of bioinformatics, biochemistry, and atomic force microscopy to describe another conserved palindrome in the trans-activation response element (TAR) that functions as a strong dimerization site when transiently exposed to the viral nucleocapsid protein. In conjunction with the DIS interaction, the TAR dimerization induces the formation of a 65-nm higher-order circular structure in the dimeric HIV-1 RNA. Our results provide a molecular model for the role of TAR in packaging and reverse transcription of the viral genome. The unique structure of the TAR-TAR dimer renders it an intriguing therapeutic target for the treatment of HIV-1 infection.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue21
Pages (from-to)22243-22249
Number of pages7
ISSN0021-9258
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2004

    Research areas

  • 5' Untranslated Regions, Base Sequence, Dimerization, HIV-1, Microscopy, Atomic Force, Molecular Sequence Data, Nucleic Acid Conformation, Nucleocapsid, Phylogeny, Plasmids, Protein Binding, RNA, Viral, Response Elements, Time Factors, Transcription, Genetic, Transcriptional Activation

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