Robust tuning metal/carbon heterointerfaces via ketonic oxygen enables hydrogen evolution reaction outperforming Pt/C

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  • Jiaying Yu, Nanchang University, University of Padova
  • ,
  • Yunshuo Yang, Nanchang University
  • ,
  • Runtao Jia, Nanchang University
  • ,
  • Kim Daasbjerg
  • Jun Wang, Nanchang University
  • ,
  • Mauro Carraro, University of Padova
  • ,
  • Zhuo Xin, Nanchang University
  • ,
  • Yuxing Huang, Nanchang University
  • ,
  • Troels Skrydstrup

Large-scale synthesis of metal/carbon hybrids with tunable metal/carbon heterointerfaces is vital for practical application of such hybrids in electrocatalysis. Herein, we developed a facile route for large-scale crafting of ultrafine Ru nanoparticles (NPs) anchored on the ketonic C[dbnd]O groups of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) (9.6 g in one batch). From both experimental results and theoretical calculations, we demonstrate that C[dbnd]O (rather than C–O) groups can be exploited to engineer the heterointerface of CNTs and Ru NPs. In fact, the electronic structure of Ru becomes considerably improved because the high polarity of C[dbnd]O facilitates the interface electron transfer of Ru/CNTs. Consequently, the obtained Ru-O-CNTs hybrids with low Ru loading of 1.5 wt% display a small overpotential of 25 mV at 10 mA cm−2 and with fast kinetics as deduced from a small Tafel slope of 20.4 mV dec−1 for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in 1 M KOH. Impressively, at 70 mV overpotential, the hybrids exhibit a record mass activity of 20.4 mA μg−1Ru, which is more than 50-fold of that for commercial Pt/C. Therefore, for the first time, we identified the vital role of C[dbnd]O groups for engineering metal/carbon heterointerfaces towards robust and efficient electrocatalysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number147080
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume529
Number of pages8
ISSN0169-4332
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

    Research areas

  • Electronic structures, Hydrogen evolution reaction, Large-scale synthesis, Metal/carbon heterointerfaces, Oxygen dopants

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