Aarhus University Seal

Roadblocks to citizenship: selection effects of restrictive naturalisation rules

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

With rising requirements for citizenship across Western Europe, Denmark is one of the restrictive ‘leaders,’ with tough rules for language ability, economic self-support, and a clean criminal record. But what do these restrictions mean for newcomers’ ability to qualify, and how does this differ between different types of immigrants? Using register data on refugees and family migrants who immigrated to Denmark between 2001 and 2009, we show that tough language requirements exclude more people than self-support and crime rules, and many cannot qualify even after 13 years in the country. Across groups, education level at entry is the biggest predictor of whether and when newcomers qualify. These findings raise questions about the liberal nature of such requirements and about the future of democratic inclusion in Western Europe.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Pages (from-to)1047-1065
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Research areas

  • Citizenship, civic integration, exclusion, family migrants, naturalisation, refugees

See relations at Aarhus University Citationformats

ID: 180026626