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Risk of Schizophrenia Increases After All Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Disorders: A Nationwide Study

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  • Cecilie Frejstrup Maibing, Mental Health Centre Copenhagen, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; The Lundbeck Foundation Initiative for Integrative Psychiatric Research, iPSYCH, Denmark; ceciliemaibing@gmail.com., Unknown
  • Carsten Bøcker Pedersen
  • Michael Eriksen Benros, Mental Health Centre Copenhagen, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; National Centre for Register-Based Research, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; The Lundbeck Foundation Initiative for Integrative Psychiatric Research, iPSYCH, Denmark;
  • ,
  • Preben Bo Mortensen
  • Søren Dalsgaard, National Centre for Register-Based Research, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark;, Denmark
  • Merete Nordentoft, Mental Health Centre Copenhagen, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; These authors shared last authorship.

Objective: Earlier smaller studies have shown associations between child and adolescent psychiatric disorders and schizophrenia. Particularly, attention-deficit/hyperactivity-disorder and autism have been linked with schizophrenia. However, large-scale prospective studies have been lacking. We, therefore, conducted the first large-scale study on the association between a broad spectrum of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders and the risk of being diagnosed with schizophrenia. Methods: Danish nationwide registers were linked to establish a cohort consisting of all persons born during 1990-2000 and the cohort was followed until December 31, 2012. Data were analyzed using survival analyses and adjusted for calendar year, age, and sex. Results: A total of 25138 individuals with child and adolescent psychiatric disorders were identified, out of which 1232 individuals were subsequently diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. The risk of schizophrenia spectrum disorders was highly elevated, particularly within the first year after onset of the child and adolescent psychiatric disorder, and remained significantly elevated >5 years with an incidence rate ratio of 4.93 (95% confidence interval: 4.37-5.54).We utilized the cumulated incidences and found that among persons diagnosed with a child and adolescent psychiatric disorder between the ages 0-13 years and 14-17 years, 1.68% and 8.74 %, respectively, will be diagnosed with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder <8 years after onset of the child and adolescent psychiatric disorder. Conclusions: The risk of being diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorders after a child and adolescent psychiatric disorder was significantly increased particularly in the short term but also in the long-term period.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSchizophrenia Bulletin
Number of pages8
ISSN0586-7614
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sep 2014

Bibliographical note

Campus adgang til artiklen / Campus access to the article

    Research areas

  • Epidemiology, Psychiatry, Cohort study

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