Revealing a Dual Role of Ganglioside Lipids in the Aggregation of Membrane-Associated Islet Amyloid Polypeptide

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Amyloid formation of the human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) correlates with a loss of insulin-producing beta cells in patients with type II diabetes mellitus. In this study, we investigated the binding of hIAPP to bilayers consisting of ganglioside lipids and dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC), which is a physiologically relevant lipid species for pancreatic beta cell-associated aggregation. The membrane interactions are studied computationally using a combination of coarse-grained, umbrella sampling, and atomistic molecular dynamics simulations. Herein, we demonstrate how the hIAPP peptides accumulate in the areas with a high content of ganglioside lipids. We have characterized two distinct binding modes of hIAPP on ganglioside-rich membranes, with both binding modes formed due to electrostatic interaction between the cationic peptides and the anionic ganglioside headgroup. We observed that binding in the ganglioside headgroup region induced conformational changes of the peptide towards an aggregation prone conformation, rich in β-strands. In contrast, the binding of hIAPP near the ganglioside-enriched areas mobilizes the peptide, preventing it from conformational changes and potentially shields it from interactions with other peptides. This suggests a dual role of ganglioside lipids, affecting the aggregation of hIAPP by either accelerating or inhibiting amyloid formation depending on the membrane binding and the ganglioside concentration. Graphic Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Membrane Biology
Volume252
Issue4-5
Pages (from-to)343-356
Number of pages14
ISSN0022-2631
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

    Research areas

  • Aggregation, Amyloid, Diabetes, Lipid membranes, Misfolding

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