Department of Management

Restricción alimentaria, satisfacción con la vida y discrepancia del yo en estudiantes universitarios de distinto género

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Berta Schnettler, Universidad de la Frontera
  • ,
  • Klaus G. Grunert
  • Ligia Orellana, Universidad de la Frontera
  • ,
  • José Sepúlveda, Universidad de la Frontera
  • ,
  • Horacio Miranda, Universidad de la Frontera
  • ,
  • Germán Lobos, Universidad de Talca
  • ,
  • Cristian Adasme-Berríos, Universidad Católica del Maule
  • ,
  • Marianela Denegri, Universidad de la Frontera
  • ,
  • Marcos Mora, Universidad Austral de Chile
  • ,
  • Natalia Salinas-Oñate, Universidad de la Frontera
  • ,
  • Clementina Hueche, Universidad de la Frontera
  • ,
  • Soledad Etchebarne, Universidad Austral de Chile

This study aimed to characterize dieting and non-dieting university students by gender, based on their satisfaction with life and their food-related life, self-discrepancy, food behavior and health-related aspects. A non-probabilistic sample of 305 students from five Chilean state universities responded a questionnaire that included the Revised Restraint Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, the Satisfaction with Food-related Life Scale, the Health-related Quality of Life Index, the Nutrition Interest Scale and the Self-Discrepancy Index. Socio-demographic characteristics, food behavior, and approximate weight and height were also enquired. Chronic dieters and non-dieters were distinguished according to the median score of the Revised Restraint Scale. 51.1% of women and 55.5% of men classified as chronic dieters, sharing characteristics such as nutrition concern, mental health problems, higher body mass index, and physical and economic self-discrepancy. Women dieters reported lower life satisfaction and satisfaction with food-related life, more health problems and health-related restriction of food, while men dieters showed higher social and emotional self-discrepancy.

Translated title of the contributionDietary restraint, life satisfaction and self-discrepancy by gender in university students
Original languageSpanish
JournalSuma Psicológica
Pages (from-to)25-33
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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