Department of Economics and Business Economics

Residential green space in childhood is associated with lower risk of psychiatric disorders from adolescence into adulthood

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Residential green space in childhood is associated with lower risk of psychiatric disorders from adolescence into adulthood. / Engemann, Kristine; Pedersen, Carsten Bøcker; Arge, Lars; Tsirogiannis, Constantinos; Mortensen, Preben Bo; Svenning, J.-C.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 116, No. 11, 2019, p. 5188-5193.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Engemann, Kristine ; Pedersen, Carsten Bøcker ; Arge, Lars ; Tsirogiannis, Constantinos ; Mortensen, Preben Bo ; Svenning, J.-C. / Residential green space in childhood is associated with lower risk of psychiatric disorders from adolescence into adulthood. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2019 ; Vol. 116, No. 11. pp. 5188-5193.

Bibtex

@article{bff88bf37b044902b98b81f438c9867d,
title = "Residential green space in childhood is associated with lower risk of psychiatric disorders from adolescence into adulthood",
abstract = "Urban residence is associated with a higher risk of some psychiatric disorders, but the underlying drivers remain unknown. There is increasing evidence that the level of exposure to natural environments impacts mental health, but few large-scale epidemiological studies have assessed the general existence and importance of such associations. Here, we investigate the prospective association between green space and mental health in the Danish population. Green space presence was assessed at the individual level using high-resolution satellite data to calculate the normalized difference vegetation index within a 210 × 210 m square around each person's place of residence (∼1 million people) from birth to the age of 10. We show that high levels of green space presence during childhood are associated with lower risk of a wide spectrum of psychiatric disorders later in life. Risk for subsequent mental illness for those who lived with the lowest level of green space during childhood was up to 55{\%} higher across various disorders compared with those who lived with the highest level of green space. The association remained even after adjusting for urbanization, socioeconomic factors, parental history of mental illness, and parental age. Stronger association of cumulative green space presence during childhood compared with single-year green space presence suggests that presence throughout childhood is important. Our results show that green space during childhood is associated with better mental health, supporting efforts to better integrate natural environments into urban planning and childhood life.",
keywords = "geographic information systems, mental health, psychological ecosystem services, remote sensing, urban planning, URBAN-RURAL DIFFERENCES, HEALTH-BENEFITS, SOCIAL STRESS, SCHIZOPHRENIA, ENVIRONMENT, EXPERIENCE, AREAS, BIRTH, Humans, Risk Factors, Mental Disorders/epidemiology, Adolescent, Denmark, Urbanization, Adult, Environment, Child",
author = "Kristine Engemann and Pedersen, {Carsten B{\o}cker} and Lars Arge and Constantinos Tsirogiannis and Mortensen, {Preben Bo} and J.-C. Svenning",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1807504116",
language = "English",
volume = "116",
pages = "5188--5193",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
publisher = "The National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Residential green space in childhood is associated with lower risk of psychiatric disorders from adolescence into adulthood

AU - Engemann, Kristine

AU - Pedersen, Carsten Bøcker

AU - Arge, Lars

AU - Tsirogiannis, Constantinos

AU - Mortensen, Preben Bo

AU - Svenning, J.-C.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Urban residence is associated with a higher risk of some psychiatric disorders, but the underlying drivers remain unknown. There is increasing evidence that the level of exposure to natural environments impacts mental health, but few large-scale epidemiological studies have assessed the general existence and importance of such associations. Here, we investigate the prospective association between green space and mental health in the Danish population. Green space presence was assessed at the individual level using high-resolution satellite data to calculate the normalized difference vegetation index within a 210 × 210 m square around each person's place of residence (∼1 million people) from birth to the age of 10. We show that high levels of green space presence during childhood are associated with lower risk of a wide spectrum of psychiatric disorders later in life. Risk for subsequent mental illness for those who lived with the lowest level of green space during childhood was up to 55% higher across various disorders compared with those who lived with the highest level of green space. The association remained even after adjusting for urbanization, socioeconomic factors, parental history of mental illness, and parental age. Stronger association of cumulative green space presence during childhood compared with single-year green space presence suggests that presence throughout childhood is important. Our results show that green space during childhood is associated with better mental health, supporting efforts to better integrate natural environments into urban planning and childhood life.

AB - Urban residence is associated with a higher risk of some psychiatric disorders, but the underlying drivers remain unknown. There is increasing evidence that the level of exposure to natural environments impacts mental health, but few large-scale epidemiological studies have assessed the general existence and importance of such associations. Here, we investigate the prospective association between green space and mental health in the Danish population. Green space presence was assessed at the individual level using high-resolution satellite data to calculate the normalized difference vegetation index within a 210 × 210 m square around each person's place of residence (∼1 million people) from birth to the age of 10. We show that high levels of green space presence during childhood are associated with lower risk of a wide spectrum of psychiatric disorders later in life. Risk for subsequent mental illness for those who lived with the lowest level of green space during childhood was up to 55% higher across various disorders compared with those who lived with the highest level of green space. The association remained even after adjusting for urbanization, socioeconomic factors, parental history of mental illness, and parental age. Stronger association of cumulative green space presence during childhood compared with single-year green space presence suggests that presence throughout childhood is important. Our results show that green space during childhood is associated with better mental health, supporting efforts to better integrate natural environments into urban planning and childhood life.

KW - geographic information systems

KW - mental health

KW - psychological ecosystem services

KW - remote sensing

KW - urban planning

KW - URBAN-RURAL DIFFERENCES

KW - HEALTH-BENEFITS

KW - SOCIAL STRESS

KW - SCHIZOPHRENIA

KW - ENVIRONMENT

KW - EXPERIENCE

KW - AREAS

KW - BIRTH

KW - Humans

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Mental Disorders/epidemiology

KW - Adolescent

KW - Denmark

KW - Urbanization

KW - Adult

KW - Environment

KW - Child

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062864472&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1807504116

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1807504116

M3 - Journal article

VL - 116

SP - 5188

EP - 5193

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 11

ER -