Remodeling after myocardial infarction and effects of heart failure treatment investigated by hyperpolarized [1-13 C]pyruvate magnetic resonance spectroscopy

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PURPOSE: Hyperpolarized [1-13 C]pyruvate MRS can measure cardiac metabolism in vivo. We investigated whether [1-13 C]pyruvate MRS could predict left ventricular remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI), long-term left ventricular effects of heart failure medication, and could identify responders to treatment.

METHODS: Thirty-five rats were scanned with hyperpolarized [1-13 C]pyruvate MRS 3 days after MI or sham surgery. The animals were re-examined after 30 days of therapy with β-blockers and ACE-inhibitors (active group, n = 12), placebo treatment (placebo group, n = 13) or no treatment (sham group, n = 10). Furthermore, heart tissue mitochondrial respiratory capacity was assessed by high-resolution respirometry. Metabolic results were compared between groups, over time and correlated to functional MR data at each time point.

RESULTS: At 30 ± 0.5 days post MI, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) differed between groups (sham, 77% ± 1%; placebo, 52% ± 3%; active, 63% ± 2%, P < .001). Cardiac metabolism, measured by both hyperpolarized [1-13 C]pyruvate MRS and respirometry, neither differed between groups nor between baseline and follow-up. Three days post MI, low bicarbonate + CO2 /pyruvate ratio was associated with low LVEF. At follow-up, in the active group, a poor recovery of LVEF was associated with high bicarbonate + CO2 /pyruvate ratio, as measured by hyperpolarized MRS.

CONCLUSION: In a rat model of moderate heart failure, medical treatment improved function, but did not on average influence [1-13 C]pyruvate flux as measured by MRS; however, responders to heart failure medication had reduced capacity for carbohydrate metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Aug 2021

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