Remodeling after myocardial infarction and effects of heart failure treatment investigated by hyperpolarized [1-C-13]pyruvate magnetic resonance spectroscopy

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Abstract

Purpose: Hyperpolarized [1- 13C]pyruvate MRS can measure cardiac metabolism in vivo. We investigated whether [1- 13C]pyruvate MRS could predict left ventricular remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI), long-term left ventricular effects of heart failure medication, and could identify responders to treatment. Methods: Thirty-five rats were scanned with hyperpolarized [1- 13C]pyruvate MRS 3 days after MI or sham surgery. The animals were re-examined after 30 days of therapy with β-blockers and ACE-inhibitors (active group, n = 12), placebo treatment (placebo group, n = 13) or no treatment (sham group, n = 10). Furthermore, heart tissue mitochondrial respiratory capacity was assessed by high-resolution respirometry. Metabolic results were compared between groups, over time and correlated to functional MR data at each time point. Results: At 30 ± 0.5 days post MI, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) differed between groups (sham, 77% ± 1%; placebo, 52% ± 3%; active, 63% ± 2%, P <.001). Cardiac metabolism, measured by both hyperpolarized [1- 13C]pyruvate MRS and respirometry, neither differed between groups nor between baseline and follow-up. Three days post MI, low bicarbonate + CO 2/pyruvate ratio was associated with low LVEF. At follow-up, in the active group, a poor recovery of LVEF was associated with high bicarbonate + CO 2/pyruvate ratio, as measured by hyperpolarized MRS. Conclusion: In a rat model of moderate heart failure, medical treatment improved function, but did not on average influence [1- 13C]pyruvate flux as measured by MRS; however, responders to heart failure medication had reduced capacity for carbohydrate metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume87
Issue1
Pages (from-to)57-69
Number of pages13
ISSN0740-3194
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • MRS
  • animal models of human disease
  • heart failure
  • metabolism
  • myocardial infarction
  • remodeling

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