Reliability of video-based quantification of the knee- and hip angle at foot strike during running

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  • Camma Damsted, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
  • R.O. Nielsen
  • Lars Henrik Larsen, Denmark

INTRODUCTION: In clinical practice, joint kinematics during running are primarily quantified by two-dimensional (2D) video recordings and motion-analysis software. The applicability of this approach depends on the clinicians' ability to quantify kinematics in a reliable manner. The reliability of quantifying knee- and hip angles at foot strike is uninvestigated.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliability within and between days of clinicians' ability to quantify the knee- and hip angles at foot strike during running.

METHODS: Eighteen recreational runners were recorded twice using a clinical 2D video setup during treadmill running. Two blinded raters quantified joint angles on each video twice with freeware motion analysis software (Kinovea 0.8.15).

RESULTS: The range from the lower prediction limit to the upper prediction limit of the 95% prediction interval varied three to eight degrees (within day) and nine to 14 degrees (between day) for the knee angles. Similarly, the hip angles varied three to seven degrees (within day) and nine to 11 degrees (between day).

CONCLUSION: The intra- and inter rater reliability of within and between day quantifications of the knee- and hip angle based on a clinical 2D video setup is sufficient to encourage clinicians to keep using 2D motion analysis techniques in clinical practice to quantify the knee- and hip angles in healthy runners. However, the interpretation should include critical evaluation of the physical set-up of the 2D motion analysis system prior to the recordings and conclusions should take measurement variations (3-8 degrees and 9-14 degrees for within and between day, respectively) into account.


Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Pages (from-to)147-54
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

    Research areas

  • kinematics, knee- and hip angles, motion-analysis software, reliability, running

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