Recent Advances in Nano- and Micromotors

Marina Fernández-Medina, Miguel A. Ramos-Docampo, Ondrej Hovorka, Verónica Salgueiriño, Brigitte Städler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperReviewResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Nano- and micromotors are fascinating objects that can navigate in complex fluidic environments. Their active motion can be triggered by external power sources or they can exhibit self-propulsion using fuel extracted from their surroundings. The research field is rapidly evolving and has produced nano/micromotors of different geometrical designs, exploiting a variety of mechanisms of locomotion, being capable of achieving remarkable speeds in diverse environments ranging from simple aqueous solutions to complex media including cell cultures or animal tissue. This review aims to provide an overview of the recent developments with focus on predominantly experimental demonstrations of the various motor designs developed in the past 24 months. First, externally driven motors are discussed followed by considering fuel-driven approaches. Finally, a short future perspective is provided.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1908283
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020


  • enzymes
  • external fields
  • locomotion
  • micromotors
  • triggered disintegration


Dive into the research topics of 'Recent Advances in Nano- and Micromotors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this