Rapid effects of S-ketamine on the morphology of hippocampal astrocytes and BDNF serum levels in a sex-dependent manner

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Rapid effects of S-ketamine on the morphology of hippocampal astrocytes and BDNF serum levels in a sex-dependent manner. / Ardalan, Maryam; Elfving, Betina; Rafati, Ali H; Mansouri, Monireh; Zarate, Carlos A; Mathe, Aleksander A; Wegener, Gregers.

In: European neuropsychopharmacology : the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, Vol. 32, 03.2020, p. 94-103.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Ardalan, M, Elfving, B, Rafati, AH, Mansouri, M, Zarate, CA, Mathe, AA & Wegener, G 2020, 'Rapid effects of S-ketamine on the morphology of hippocampal astrocytes and BDNF serum levels in a sex-dependent manner', European neuropsychopharmacology : the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, vol. 32, pp. 94-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2020.01.001

APA

CBE

MLA

Ardalan, Maryam et al. "Rapid effects of S-ketamine on the morphology of hippocampal astrocytes and BDNF serum levels in a sex-dependent manner". European neuropsychopharmacology : the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology. 2020, 32. 94-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2020.01.001

Vancouver

Ardalan M, Elfving B, Rafati AH, Mansouri M, Zarate CA, Mathe AA et al. Rapid effects of S-ketamine on the morphology of hippocampal astrocytes and BDNF serum levels in a sex-dependent manner. European neuropsychopharmacology : the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology. 2020 Mar;32:94-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2020.01.001

Author

Ardalan, Maryam ; Elfving, Betina ; Rafati, Ali H ; Mansouri, Monireh ; Zarate, Carlos A ; Mathe, Aleksander A ; Wegener, Gregers. / Rapid effects of S-ketamine on the morphology of hippocampal astrocytes and BDNF serum levels in a sex-dependent manner. In: European neuropsychopharmacology : the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology. 2020 ; Vol. 32. pp. 94-103.

Bibtex

@article{8982f7ccf731463191854673646f75ad,
title = "Rapid effects of S-ketamine on the morphology of hippocampal astrocytes and BDNF serum levels in a sex-dependent manner",
abstract = "The prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) is higher in women than men. Importantly, a differential behavioral response by sex to the antidepressant response to ketamine in rodents has been reported. Mechanistically, male depressed-like animals showed an increased spine density after ketamine treatment via restoration of synaptic protein levels while those proteins were not altered in female rats. In addition, preclinical studies indicate that the impairment of astrocytic plasticity is one of the contributing mechanisms in the pathophysiology of MDD. Accordingly, in this study, we determined the effect of sex on the rapid morphological alteration of hippocampal astrocytes and the serum level of BDNF one hour after S-ketamine injection. A single intraperitoneal dose of S-ketamine (15 mg/kg) or saline was injected to the male and female Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL) rats, a genetic animal model of depression and their brains were perfused one hour after treatment. The size of the GFAP positive astrocytes in the hippocampal subregions was measured. The volume of different hippocampal subregions was assessed using the Cavalieri estimator. Moreover, serum levels of BDNF were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. The volume of hippocampal subregions significantly increased one hour after S-ketamine in both male and female FSL animals. However, a substantial alteration in the morphology of the hippocampal astrocytes was observed only in the female rats. Additionally, significantly increased serum BDNF levels in the female depressed rats were observed one hour after S-ketamine treatment. Our results indicate that the rapid effects of S-ketamine on the morphology of the hippocampal astrocytes and the serum level of BDNF are sex-dependent.",
keywords = "Antidepressant, Astrocyte, BDNF, Hippocampus, Ketamine",
author = "Maryam Ardalan and Betina Elfving and Rafati, {Ali H} and Monireh Mansouri and Zarate, {Carlos A} and Mathe, {Aleksander A} and Gregers Wegener",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP. All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1016/j.euroneuro.2020.01.001",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "94--103",
journal = "European Neuropsychopharmacology",
issn = "0924-977X",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rapid effects of S-ketamine on the morphology of hippocampal astrocytes and BDNF serum levels in a sex-dependent manner

AU - Ardalan, Maryam

AU - Elfving, Betina

AU - Rafati, Ali H

AU - Mansouri, Monireh

AU - Zarate, Carlos A

AU - Mathe, Aleksander A

AU - Wegener, Gregers

N1 - Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP. All rights reserved.

PY - 2020/3

Y1 - 2020/3

N2 - The prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) is higher in women than men. Importantly, a differential behavioral response by sex to the antidepressant response to ketamine in rodents has been reported. Mechanistically, male depressed-like animals showed an increased spine density after ketamine treatment via restoration of synaptic protein levels while those proteins were not altered in female rats. In addition, preclinical studies indicate that the impairment of astrocytic plasticity is one of the contributing mechanisms in the pathophysiology of MDD. Accordingly, in this study, we determined the effect of sex on the rapid morphological alteration of hippocampal astrocytes and the serum level of BDNF one hour after S-ketamine injection. A single intraperitoneal dose of S-ketamine (15 mg/kg) or saline was injected to the male and female Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL) rats, a genetic animal model of depression and their brains were perfused one hour after treatment. The size of the GFAP positive astrocytes in the hippocampal subregions was measured. The volume of different hippocampal subregions was assessed using the Cavalieri estimator. Moreover, serum levels of BDNF were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. The volume of hippocampal subregions significantly increased one hour after S-ketamine in both male and female FSL animals. However, a substantial alteration in the morphology of the hippocampal astrocytes was observed only in the female rats. Additionally, significantly increased serum BDNF levels in the female depressed rats were observed one hour after S-ketamine treatment. Our results indicate that the rapid effects of S-ketamine on the morphology of the hippocampal astrocytes and the serum level of BDNF are sex-dependent.

AB - The prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) is higher in women than men. Importantly, a differential behavioral response by sex to the antidepressant response to ketamine in rodents has been reported. Mechanistically, male depressed-like animals showed an increased spine density after ketamine treatment via restoration of synaptic protein levels while those proteins were not altered in female rats. In addition, preclinical studies indicate that the impairment of astrocytic plasticity is one of the contributing mechanisms in the pathophysiology of MDD. Accordingly, in this study, we determined the effect of sex on the rapid morphological alteration of hippocampal astrocytes and the serum level of BDNF one hour after S-ketamine injection. A single intraperitoneal dose of S-ketamine (15 mg/kg) or saline was injected to the male and female Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL) rats, a genetic animal model of depression and their brains were perfused one hour after treatment. The size of the GFAP positive astrocytes in the hippocampal subregions was measured. The volume of different hippocampal subregions was assessed using the Cavalieri estimator. Moreover, serum levels of BDNF were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. The volume of hippocampal subregions significantly increased one hour after S-ketamine in both male and female FSL animals. However, a substantial alteration in the morphology of the hippocampal astrocytes was observed only in the female rats. Additionally, significantly increased serum BDNF levels in the female depressed rats were observed one hour after S-ketamine treatment. Our results indicate that the rapid effects of S-ketamine on the morphology of the hippocampal astrocytes and the serum level of BDNF are sex-dependent.

KW - Antidepressant

KW - Astrocyte

KW - BDNF

KW - Hippocampus

KW - Ketamine

U2 - 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2020.01.001

DO - 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2020.01.001

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31973999

VL - 32

SP - 94

EP - 103

JO - European Neuropsychopharmacology

JF - European Neuropsychopharmacology

SN - 0924-977X

ER -