Quantum interactions with pulses of radiation

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This paper presents a general master equation formalism for the interaction between traveling pulses of quantum radiation and localized quantum systems. Traveling fields populate a continuum of free-space radiation modes and the Jaynes-Cummings model, valid for a discrete eigenmode of a cavity, does not apply. We develop a complete input-output theory to describe the driving of quantum systems by arbitrary incident pulses of radiation and the quantum state of the field emitted into any desired outgoing temporal mode. Our theory is applicable to the transformation and interaction of pulses of radiation by their coupling to a wide class of material quantum systems. We discuss the most essential differences between quantum interactions with pulses and with discrete radiative eigenmodes and present examples relevant to quantum information protocols with optical, microwave, and acoustic waves.

Original languageEnglish
Article number023717
JournalPhysical Review A
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

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