Quantifying the mover’s advantage: transatlantic migration, employment prestige, and scientific performance

Benjamin C. Holding, Claudia Acciai, Jesper W. Schneider, Mathias W. Nielsen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Research on scientific careers finds a mover’s advantage. International migration correlates with increased visibility and productivity. However, if scientists who move internationally, on average, enter into more prestigious employments than they came from, extant research may overestimate the direct performance gains associated with international moves. Building on insights from the sociology of science and studies of international researcher mobility, we examine how changes in employment prestige shape international movers’ performance returns to mobility. We follow a cohort of 167,014 European scientists to identify individuals that move to the USA and pair these migrants to non-mobile scientists with identical home institutions, research fields, and genders, giving a final sample of 3978 researchers. Using a difference-in-differences design, we show a substantial increase in the publishing rates and scientific impact of transatlantic migrants, compared to non-mobile scientists. However, most of the movers’ mobility-related boost in citation and journal impact is attributable to changes in employment prestige. In contrast, we find limited effects of employment prestige on changes in migrants’ publication rates. Overall, our study suggests large variations in the outcomes of transatlantic migration and reaffirms the citation-related “visibility advantage” tied to prestigious institutional locations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHigher Education
Volume87
Issue6
Pages (from-to)1749-1767
Number of pages19
ISSN0018-1560
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024

Keywords

  • Employment prestige
  • Performance
  • Researcher mobility
  • Science

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Quantifying the mover’s advantage: transatlantic migration, employment prestige, and scientific performance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this