Department of Economics and Business Economics

Psychotic experiences co-occur with sleep problems, negative affect and mental disorders in preadolescence

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Pia Jeppesen, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Center, Mental Health Services, the Capital Region of Denmark, Glostrup, Denmark; Faculty of Health Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Lars Clemmensen, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Center, Mental Health Services, the Capital Region of Denmark, Glostrup, Denmark; Faculty of Health Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark., Denmark
  • Anja Munkholm, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Center, Mental Health Services, the Capital Region of Denmark, Glostrup, Denmark; Faculty of Health Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • ,
  • Martin K Rimvall, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Center, Mental Health Services, the Capital Region of Denmark, Glostrup, Denmark; Faculty of Health Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark., Unknown
  • Charlotte U Rask
  • Torben Jørgensen, Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Glostrup University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark., Denmark
  • Janne Tidselbak Larsen
  • Liselotte Petersen
  • Jim van Os, King's College London, United Kingdom
  • Anne M Skovgaard, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Center, Mental Health Services, the Capital Region of Denmark, Glostrup, Denmark; Faculty of Health Science, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark., Denmark

BACKGROUND: Knowledge on the significance of childhood psychotic symptoms and experiences (PE) is still limited. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and clinical significance of PE in preadolescent children from the general population by use of in-depth psychopathological interviews and comprehensive diagnostic assessments.

METHODS: We investigated 1,632 children from the general population-based Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000. PE were measured by semistructured interviews using the K-SADS-PL-items on psychotic and affective symptoms, each symptom scored as not present versus likely or definitely present. The Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA) was used independently to diagnose DSM-IV-mental disorders. Puberty development and sleep disturbance were self-reported. The associations between PE (any lifetime hallucination and/or delusion) and various mental problems and disorders were examined by multivariable binomial regression analyses, adjusting for gender and onset of puberty.

RESULTS: The weighted life time prevalence of PE at age 11-12 years was 10.9% (CI 9.1-12.7). The majority of children with PE (n = 172) either had a diagnosable DSM-IV-mental disorder (31.4%) or self-reported mental health difficulties in absence of a diagnosis (31.4%). The risk of delusions increased with onset of puberty. The risk of PE increased with emotional and neurodevelopmental disorders, subthreshold depressive symptoms, sleep problems and lack of sleep, regardless of whether PE were expressed as hallucinations and/or delusions. The highest correlations were seen for emotional and multiple disorders.

CONCLUSIONS: Psychotic experiences are particularly prevalent in the context of affective dysregulation and sleep disturbance, increase with onset of puberty and represent a trans-diagnostic marker of psychopathology.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry
Number of pages8
ISSN0021-9630
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2014

Bibliographical note

Campus adgang til artiklen / Campus access to the article

    Research areas

  • Preadolescence, Psychosis, Emotional disorders, Sleep, Puberty, Developmental psychopathology

See relations at Aarhus University Citationformats

ID: 82086326