Psychiatric and Physical Health Outcomes Associated with Interpersonal Violence: A Propensity Score Matching Approach

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  • Siobhan Murphy, Queen's University Belfast
  • ,
  • Marie Kruse, University of Southern Denmark
  • ,
  • Ask Elklit, University of Southern Denmark
  • ,
  • Ole Brink

This study examined the association between interpersonal violence and a range of psychiatric and physical health outcomes and assessed whether these associations changed when controlling for a stress-related diagnosis. An observational case–control study was conducted on a sample of 4,059 victims of violence. Using propensity score matching a number of risk factors (assessed five years prior assault) were used. Controls were matched 10:1 using the Danish Central Registry System. Outcomes were ICD-10 diagnoses of a range of psychiatric and physical health outcomes in the 15 years post-injury. Statistically significant associations were found for all psychiatric conditions and a diagnosis of a drug or substance misuse disorder. These findings remained even after controlling for a diagnosis of a stress-related disorder. Large scale case–control studies using the Danish nationwide registers enables a powerful way of assessing the relative impact of exposure to interpersonal violence on the development of psychiatric and physical health problems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychiatric Quarterly
Pages (from-to)1635-1644
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

    Research areas

  • Interpersonal violence, Physical health, Propensity score matching, Psychiatric outcomes

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