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Proximity Effects on the Charge Density Wave Order and Superconductivity in Single-Layer NbSe2

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  • Paul Dreher, Donostia International Physics Center
  • ,
  • Wen Wan, Donostia International Physics Center
  • ,
  • Alla Chikina
  • ,
  • Marco Bianchi
  • Haojie Guo, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • ,
  • Rishav Harsh, Donostia International Physics Center
  • ,
  • Samuel Mañas-Valero, University of Valencia
  • ,
  • Eugenio Coronado, University of Valencia
  • ,
  • Antonio J. Martínez-Galera, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • ,
  • Philip Hofmann
  • Jill A. Miwa
  • Miguel M. Ugeda, Donostia International Physics Center, CSIC-UPV/EHU - Materials Physics Center, Ikerbasque Basque Foundation for Science

Collective electronic states such as the charge density wave (CDW) order and superconductivity (SC) respond sensitively to external perturbations. Such sensitivity is dramatically enhanced in two dimensions (2D), where 2D materials hosting such electronic states are largely exposed to the environment. In this regard, the ineludible presence of supporting substrates triggers various proximity effects on 2D materials that may ultimately compromise the stability and properties of the electronic ground state. In this work, we investigate the impact of proximity effects on the CDW and superconducting states in single-layer (SL) NbSe2 on four substrates of diverse nature, namely, bilayer graphene (BLG), SL-boron nitride (h-BN), Au(111), and bulk WSe2. By combining low-temperature (340 mK) scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we compare the electronic structure of this prototypical 2D superconductor on each substrate. We find that, even when the electronic band structure of SL-NbSe2 remains largely unaffected by the substrate except when placed on Au(111), where a charge transfer occurs, both the CDW and SC show disparate behaviors. On the insulating h-BN/Ir(111) substrate and the metallic BLG/SiC(0001) substrate, both the 3 × 3 CDW and superconducting phases persist in SL-NbSe2 with very similar properties, which reveals the negligible impact of graphene on these electronic phases. In contrast, these collective electronic phases are severely weakened and even absent on the bulk insulating WSe2 substrate and the metallic single-crystal Au(111) substrate. Our results provide valuable insights into the fragile stability of such electronic ground states in 2D materials.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Nano
Pages (from-to)19430-19438
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.

    Research areas

  • angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, charge density wave, electronic structure, epitaxy, scanning tunneling microscopy, superconductivity, transition-metal dichalcogenide

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