Protestant Responses to Darwinism in Denmark, 1859-1914

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  • Hans Henrik Hjermitslev, Denmark
  • Department of Science Studies
  • Department of the History of Ideas
The clergyman N.F.S. Grundtvig's followers, who constituted a major fraction within the Danish Evangelical-Lutheran Established Church, were the most vocal Danish commentators on the religious consequences of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution from 1859 to 1914. While evangelicals and high-churchmen within the church remained critical of evolution throughout the period, the Grundtvigians were divided over the issue. Orthodox Grundtvigians criticized Darwinism on philosophical and biblical grounds, while liberal neo-Grundtvigians came to terms with evolution by combining Grundtvig's critique of Lutheran scriptural theology with a separation model of science and religion advocated by the Søren Kierkegaard protagonist Rasmus Nielsen.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the History of Ideas
Pages (from-to)279-303
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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