Probing determinants of cyclopiazonic acid sensitivity of bacterial Ca(2+) -ATPases

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Cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) is a specific and potent inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) -ATPase 1a (SERCA1a). Despite high sequence similarity to SERCA1a, Listeria monocytogenes Ca(2+) -ATPase 1 (LMCA1) is not inhibited by CPA. To test whether a CPA binding site could be created while maintaining the functionality of the ATPase we targeted four amino acid positions in LMCA1 for mutational studies based on a multiple sequence alignment of SERCA-like Ca(2+) -ATPases and structural analysis of the CPA site. The identification of CPA-sensitive gain-of-function mutants pinpointed key determinants of the CPA binding site. The importance of these determinants was further underscored by the characterization of the CPA sensitivity of two additional bacterial Ca(2+) -ATPases from Lactococcus lactis and Bacillus cereus. The CPA sensitivity was predicted from their sequence compared with the LMCA1 results, and this was experimentally confirmed. Interestingly, a cluster of Lactococcus bacteria applied in the production of fermented cheese display Ca(2+) -ATPases that are predictably CPA insensitive and may originate from their coexistence with CPA-producing Penicillum and Aspergillus fungi in the cheese. The differences between bacterial and mammalian binding pockets encompassing the CPA site suggest that CPA derivatives that are specific for bacteria or other pathogens can be developed. ENZYME: LMCA1 (EC: 3.6.3.8), SERCA1a (EC: 3.6.3.8).
Original languageEnglish
JournalF E B S Journal
Volume280
Issue21
Pages (from-to)5441–5449
Number of pages9
ISSN1742-464X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

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