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PROBE 2023 guidelines for reporting observational studies in endodontics: explanation and elaboration

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  • Venkateshbabu Nagendrababu, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
  • Henry F Duncan, Dublin Dental University Hospital, Ireland
  • Ashraf F Fouad, University of Alabama, United States
  • Lise-Lotte Kirkevang
  • Peter Parashos, University of Melbourne, Australia
  • Maria Pigg, Malmö University, Sweden
  • Michael Vaeth
  • Jayakumar Jayaraman, Virginia Commonwealth University, United States
  • Nandini Suresh, Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research, India
  • Aleksandar Jakovljevic, University of Belgrade, Serbia
  • Paul M H Dummer, Cardiff Metropolitan University, United Kingdom

Observational studies play a critical role in evaluating the prevalence and incidence of conditions or diseases in populations as well as in defining the benefits and potential hazards of health-related interventions. There are currently no reporting guidelines for observational studies in the field of Endodontics. The Preferred Reporting Items for study Designs in Endodontology (PRIDE) team has developed and published new reporting guidelines for observational-based studies called the ‘Preferred Reporting items for OBservational studies in Endodontics (PROBE) 2023’ guidelines. The PROBE 2023 guidelines were developed exclusively for the speciality of Endodontics by integrating and adapting the ‘STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE)’ checklist and the ‘Clinical and Laboratory Images in Publications (CLIP)’ principles. The recommendations of the Guidance for Developers of Health Research Reporting Guidelines were adhered to throughout the process of developing the guidelines. The purpose of this document is to serve as a guide for authors by providing an explanation for each of the items in the PROBE 2023 checklist along with relevant examples from the literature. The document also offers advice to authors on how they can address each item in their manuscript before submission to a journal. The PROBE 2023 checklist is freely accessible and downloadable from the PRIDE website (http://pride-endodonticguidelines.org/probe/).

Original languageEnglish
Article number13909
JournalInternational Endodontic Journal
Pages (from-to)652-685
Number of pages34
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

    Research areas

  • endodontics, PROBE 2023, observational studies, root canal treatment

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