Department of Economics and Business Economics

Price discovery in dual-class shares across multiple markets

Research output: Working paperResearch

Standard

Price discovery in dual-class shares across multiple markets. / Fernandes, Marcelo; Scherrer, Cristina.

Aarhus : Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet, 2014.

Research output: Working paperResearch

Harvard

Fernandes, M & Scherrer, C 2014 'Price discovery in dual-class shares across multiple markets' Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet, Aarhus.

APA

Fernandes, M., & Scherrer, C. (2014). Price discovery in dual-class shares across multiple markets. Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet. CREATES Research Papers, No. 2014-10

CBE

Fernandes M, Scherrer C. 2014. Price discovery in dual-class shares across multiple markets. Aarhus: Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet.

MLA

Fernandes, Marcelo and Cristina Scherrer Price discovery in dual-class shares across multiple markets. Aarhus: Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet. (CREATES Research Papers; Journal number 2014-10). 2014., 48 p.

Vancouver

Fernandes M, Scherrer C. Price discovery in dual-class shares across multiple markets. Aarhus: Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet. 2014 Mar 28.

Author

Fernandes, Marcelo ; Scherrer, Cristina. / Price discovery in dual-class shares across multiple markets. Aarhus : Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet, 2014. (CREATES Research Papers; No. 2014-10).

Bibtex

@techreport{a11f71b572a14170a69f2350c0edb0fe,
title = "Price discovery in dual-class shares across multiple markets",
abstract = "We extend the standard price discovery analysis to estimate the information share of dual-class shares across domestic and foreign markets. By examining both common and preferred shares, we aim to extract information not only about the fundamental value of the firm, but also about the dual-class premium. In particular, our interest lies on the price discovery mechanism regulating the prices of common and preferred shares in the BM&FBovespa as well as the prices of their ADR counterparts in the NYSE and in the Arca platform. However, in the presence of contemporaneous correlation between the innovations, the standard information share measure depends heavily on the ordering we attribute to prices in the system. To remain agnostic about which are the leading share class and market, one could for instance compute some weighted average information share across all possible orderings. This is extremely inconvenient given that we are dealing with 2 share prices in Brazil, 4 share prices in the US, plus the exchange rate (and hence over 5,000 permutations!). We thus develop a novel methodology to carry out price discovery analyses that does not impose any ex-ante assumption about which share class or trading platform conveys more information about shocks in the fundamental price. As such, our procedure yields a single measure of information share, which is invariant to the ordering of the variables in the system. Simulations of a simple market microstructure model show that our information share estimator works pretty well in practice. We then employ transactions data to study price discovery in two dual-class Brazilian stocks and their ADRs. We uncover two interesting findings. First, the foreign market is at least as informative as the home market. Second, shocks in the dual-class premium entail a permanent effect in normal times, but transitory in periods of financial distress. We argue that the latter is consistent with the expropriation of preferred shareholders as a class.",
keywords = "common share, information share, preferred share, spectral decomposition",
author = "Marcelo Fernandes and Cristina Scherrer",
year = "2014",
month = mar,
day = "28",
language = "English",
series = "CREATES Research Papers",
publisher = "Institut for {\O}konomi, Aarhus Universitet",
number = "2014-10",
type = "WorkingPaper",
institution = "Institut for {\O}konomi, Aarhus Universitet",

}

RIS

TY - UNPB

T1 - Price discovery in dual-class shares across multiple markets

AU - Fernandes, Marcelo

AU - Scherrer, Cristina

PY - 2014/3/28

Y1 - 2014/3/28

N2 - We extend the standard price discovery analysis to estimate the information share of dual-class shares across domestic and foreign markets. By examining both common and preferred shares, we aim to extract information not only about the fundamental value of the firm, but also about the dual-class premium. In particular, our interest lies on the price discovery mechanism regulating the prices of common and preferred shares in the BM&FBovespa as well as the prices of their ADR counterparts in the NYSE and in the Arca platform. However, in the presence of contemporaneous correlation between the innovations, the standard information share measure depends heavily on the ordering we attribute to prices in the system. To remain agnostic about which are the leading share class and market, one could for instance compute some weighted average information share across all possible orderings. This is extremely inconvenient given that we are dealing with 2 share prices in Brazil, 4 share prices in the US, plus the exchange rate (and hence over 5,000 permutations!). We thus develop a novel methodology to carry out price discovery analyses that does not impose any ex-ante assumption about which share class or trading platform conveys more information about shocks in the fundamental price. As such, our procedure yields a single measure of information share, which is invariant to the ordering of the variables in the system. Simulations of a simple market microstructure model show that our information share estimator works pretty well in practice. We then employ transactions data to study price discovery in two dual-class Brazilian stocks and their ADRs. We uncover two interesting findings. First, the foreign market is at least as informative as the home market. Second, shocks in the dual-class premium entail a permanent effect in normal times, but transitory in periods of financial distress. We argue that the latter is consistent with the expropriation of preferred shareholders as a class.

AB - We extend the standard price discovery analysis to estimate the information share of dual-class shares across domestic and foreign markets. By examining both common and preferred shares, we aim to extract information not only about the fundamental value of the firm, but also about the dual-class premium. In particular, our interest lies on the price discovery mechanism regulating the prices of common and preferred shares in the BM&FBovespa as well as the prices of their ADR counterparts in the NYSE and in the Arca platform. However, in the presence of contemporaneous correlation between the innovations, the standard information share measure depends heavily on the ordering we attribute to prices in the system. To remain agnostic about which are the leading share class and market, one could for instance compute some weighted average information share across all possible orderings. This is extremely inconvenient given that we are dealing with 2 share prices in Brazil, 4 share prices in the US, plus the exchange rate (and hence over 5,000 permutations!). We thus develop a novel methodology to carry out price discovery analyses that does not impose any ex-ante assumption about which share class or trading platform conveys more information about shocks in the fundamental price. As such, our procedure yields a single measure of information share, which is invariant to the ordering of the variables in the system. Simulations of a simple market microstructure model show that our information share estimator works pretty well in practice. We then employ transactions data to study price discovery in two dual-class Brazilian stocks and their ADRs. We uncover two interesting findings. First, the foreign market is at least as informative as the home market. Second, shocks in the dual-class premium entail a permanent effect in normal times, but transitory in periods of financial distress. We argue that the latter is consistent with the expropriation of preferred shareholders as a class.

KW - common share, information share, preferred share, spectral decomposition

M3 - Working paper

T3 - CREATES Research Papers

BT - Price discovery in dual-class shares across multiple markets

PB - Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet

CY - Aarhus

ER -