Prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in children referring for first dental examination: A multicenter cross-sectional study using pediatric sleep questionnaire

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  • Gabriele Di Carlo, University of Rome La Sapienza
  • ,
  • Francesca Zara, Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Sciences, University of Rome La Sapienza
  • ,
  • Milena Rocchetti, University of Rome La Sapienza
  • ,
  • Angelica Venturini, University of Rome La Sapienza
  • ,
  • Antonio José Ortiz-Ruiz, University of Murcia
  • ,
  • Valeria Luzzi, University of Rome La Sapienza
  • ,
  • Paolo Maria Cattaneo
  • Antonella Polimeni, University of Rome La Sapienza
  • ,
  • Iole Vozza, University of Rome La Sapienza

Background: Sleep-related breathing disorders (SRDB) are a group of pathological conditions characterized by a dysfunction of the upper airways. The value of SRDB’s prevalence, in the pediatric population, ranges from 2 to 11% depending on the different methodologies used in measure and the difficulties in the diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of SRDB using the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). Methods: 668 patients were enrolled from the Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy and from the Unit of Integrated Pediatric Dentistry, University of Murcia, Spain. The questionnaires were administered to patients with no previous orthodontic and surgical treatment who attended on the first visit at the two units of pediatric dentistry. Data regarding general health status were extracted from the standard anamnestic module for first visit. Prevalence and logistic regression models were computed. Results: The ages ranged from 2 to 16 years old (average 7 years old). The prevalence of SRDB was 9.7% for the entire sample. The models showed a positive correlation between three variables (snoring, bad habits, and anxiety) and SRDB. Conclusions: The prevalence obtained demonstrates the relevance of sleep disorders in the pediatric population and highlights the central role of pediatric dentists in the earlier diagnosis of these disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8460
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

    Research areas

  • Child, Obstructive *, Prevalence, Sleep apnea, Sleep apnea syndromes *, Surveys and questionnaires

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