Prevalence of lumbar spinal stenosis in general and clinical populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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  • Rikke Krüger Jensen, University of Southern Denmark, Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics
  • ,
  • Tue Secher Jensen, Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics
  • ,
  • Bart Koes, University of Southern Denmark, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam
  • ,
  • Jan Hartvigsen, University of Southern Denmark, Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics

Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) in adults, identified by clinical symptoms and/or radiological criteria. Methods: Systematic review of the literature. Pooled prevalence estimates by care setting and clinical or radiological diagnostic criteria were calculated and plotted [PROSPERO ID: CRD42018109640]. Results: In total, 41 papers reporting on 55 study samples were included. The overall risk of bias was considered high in two-thirds of the papers. The mean prevalence, based on a clinical diagnosis of LSS in the general population, was 11% (95% CI 4–18%), 25% (95% CI 19–32%) in patients from primary care, 29% (95% CI 22–36%) in patients from secondary care and 39% (95% CI 39–39%) in patients from mixed primary and secondary care. Evaluating the presence of LSS based on radiological diagnosis, the pooled prevalence was 11% (95% CI 5–18%) in the asymptomatic population, 38% (95% CI − 10 to 85%) in the general population, 15% (95% CI 13–18%) in patients from primary care, 32% (95% CI 22–41%) in patients from secondary care and 21% (95% CI 16–26%) in a mixed population from primary and secondary care. Conclusions: The mean prevalence estimates based on clinical diagnoses vary between 11 and 39%, and the estimates based on radiological diagnoses similarly vary between 11 and 38%. The results are based on studies with high risk of bias, and the pooled prevalence estimates should therefore be interpreted with caution. With an growing elderly population, there is a need for future low risk-of-bias research clarifying clinical and radiological diagnostic criteria of lumbar spinal stenosis. Graphic abstract: These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Spine Journal
Volume29
Issue9
Pages (from-to)2143-2163
Number of pages21
ISSN0940-6719
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

    Research areas

  • Lumbar spinal stenosis, Meta-analysis, MRI, Neurogenic claudication, Prevalence, Review

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