Prevalence of comorbidities in a surgical pectus excavatum population

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Background: Pectus excavatum is the most common chest wall deformity and is associated to various connective tissue, cardiopulmonary, and skeletal abnormalities. Several conditions and syndromes have been associated to pectus excavatum, although the overall health implications of the pectus excavatum phenotype are unclear. Therefore, in this study we aimed to examine the health implications of the pectus excavatum phenotype by assessing all comorbidities and previous medical conditions in a cohort of patients undergoing pectus excavatum surgery.

Methods: This single-centre retrospective prevalence study included 1,046 patients undergoing minimal invasive repair of pectus excavatum from 2001 to 2012. Hospital medical charts were assessed and comorbidities and previous medical conditions were registered systematically and categorized according to the affected organ system.

Results: In our study population of 1,046 patients, we registered 623 conditions. The median age was 17 years and the majority of patients (56%) had no previous or present conditions. Notable prevalence of asthma (8.8%), allergies (12.3%), previous hernia surgery (5.2%), and psychiatric conditions (4.9%) were found.

Conclusions: The majority of patients undergoing pectus excavatum surgery have no comorbidities or previous medical conditions. It seems that this patient category is comparable to the background population in this regard and our findings do not support screening this patient category for associated conditions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Thoracic Disease
Pages (from-to)1652-1657
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

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