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Pretreatment method for DNA barcoding to analyze gut contents of rotifers: special issue "Food Chains and Food Webs in Aquatic Ecosystems" of Applied Sciences, section on "Environmental and Sustainable Science and Technology"

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  • Hye-Ji Oh, Kyung Hee University
  • ,
  • Paul Henning Krogh
  • Hyun-Gi Jeong
  • ,
  • Gea-Jae Joo, Pusan National University
  • ,
  • Ihn-Sil Kwak, Chonnam National University, Korea, Republic of
  • Sun-Jin Hwang, Kyung Hee University
  • ,
  • Kwang-Hyeon Chang, Kyung Hee University
  • ,
  • Jeong-Soo Gim, Pusan National University, Korea, Republic of
  • Hyunbin Jo, Chonnam National University
We designed an experiment to analyze the gut content of Rotifera based on DNA barcoding and tested it on Asplanchna sp. in order to ensure that the DNA extracted from the rotifer species is from the food sources within the gut, we selected ethanol fixation (60%) to minimize the inflow effects of treated chemical, and commercial bleach (the final concentration of 2.5%, for 210 seconds) eliminated the extracellular DNA without damage to the lorica. Rotifers have different lorica structures and thicknesses. Therefore, we chose a pretreatment method based on Asplanchna sp., which has known to have weak durability. When we used the determined method on reservoir water sample, we confirmed that the DNA fragments of Chlorophyceae, Diatomea, Cyanobacteria and Ciliophora were removed. Given this result, Diatomea and cyanobacteria, detected from Asplanchna, can be considered as gut contents. However, bacteria were not removed by bleach, thus there was still insufficient information. Since the results of applying commercial bleach to rotifer species confirmed that pretreatment worked effectively for some species of rotifers food sources, in further studies, it is believed to be applicable to the gut contents analysis of more diverse rotifers species and better DNA analysis techniques by supplementing more rigorous limitations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1064
JournalApplied Sciences
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Commercial bleach, Eliminate the extracellular DNA, Gut content of Rotifera, Pretreatment

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