Preparation and Catalytic Activity Comparison of Porous NiO, Co3O4 and NiCo2O4 Superstructures on the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate

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DOI

  • Jian-Guo Wang, Institute for Advanced Materials, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China
  • Li-Na Jin, Institute for Advanced Materials, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China
  • Xin-Ye Qian, Institute for Advanced Materials, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China
  • MD Dong

Porous NiO, Co3O4 and NiCo2O4 superstructures were successfully prepared via a facile hydrothermal-annealing method. The products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area and pore volume of the products were measured by N-2 adsorption isotherms. The catalytic performance of the as-prepared porous NiO, Co3O4 and NiCo2O4 superstructures on the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP) was investigated by thermal gravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimeter. The results showed Co3O4 superstructures were more effective than others for the thermal decomposition of AP and the thermal decomposition temperature of AP shifted downward about 136.2 degrees C. Furthermore, the catalytic mechanism of porous NiO, Co3O4 and NiCo2O4 superstructures on the thermal decomposition of AP was discussed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume16
Issue8
Pages (from-to)8635-8639
Number of pages5
ISSN1533-4880
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

    Research areas

  • Metal Oxide, Nanostructures, Thermal Decomposition, Ammonium Perchlorate, NANOPARTICLES, NANOSTRUCTURES, NANORODS, NANOCRYSTALS, NANOWIRES, PRECURSOR, FACETS, MICRO

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