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Pregnancy, Birth, Neonatal, and Postnatal Neurological Outcomes After Pregnancy With Migraine

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BACKGROUND: Prevalence of migraine is high during the reproductive age. Although migraine often improves during pregnancy, the risk of adverse pregnancy, birth, neonatal, and neurological outcomes in mother and offspring remains poorly understood.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between maternal migraine and risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes in the mother, and birth, neonatal and postnatal outcomes in the offspring.

METHODS: We used Danish population registries to assemble a cohort of pregnancies among women with migraine and an age- and conception year-matched comparison cohort of pregnancies among women without migraine. The study period was 2005-2012. We computed adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) for pregnancy and birth outcomes and adjusted risk ratios (aRRs) for neonatal and postnatal outcomes, adjusting for age, preconception medical history, and preconception reproductive history.

RESULTS: We identified 22,841 pregnancies among women with migraine and 228,324 matched pregnancies among women without migraine. Migraine was associated with an increased risk of pregnancy-associated hypertension disorders (aPR: 1.50 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.39-1.61]) and miscarriage (aPR: 1.10 [95% CI: 1.05-1.15]). Migraine was associated with an increased prevalence of low birth weight (aPR: 1.14 [95% CI: 1.06-1.23]), preterm birth (aPR: 1.21 [95% CI: 1.13-1.30]) and cesarean delivery (aPR: 1.20 [95% CI: 1.15-1.25]), but not of small for gestational age offspring (aPR: 0.94 [95% CI: 0.88-0.99]) and birth defects (aPR: 1.01 [95% CI: 0.93-1.09]). Offspring prenatally exposed to maternal migraine had elevated risks of several outcomes in the neonatal and postnatal period, including intensive care unit admission (aRR: 1.22 [95% CI: 1.03-1.45]), hospitalization (aRR: 1.12 [95% CI: 1.06-1.18]), dispensed prescriptions (aRR: 1.34 [95% CI: 1.24-1.45]), respiratory distress syndrome (aRR: 1.20 [95% CI: 1.02-1.42]), and febrile seizures (aRR: 1.27 [95% CI: 1.03-1.57), but not of death (aRR: 0.67 [95% CI: 0.43-1.04]) and cerebral palsy (aRR: 1.00 [95% CI: 0.51-1.94]).

CONCLUSIONS: Women with migraine and their offspring have greater risks of several adverse pregnancy outcomes than women without migraine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-879
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

    Research areas

  • epidemiology, headache, migraine, pregnancy, pregnancy outcomes, WOMEN, HYPERTENSIVE DISORDERS, DELIVERY OUTCOMES, DISEASE, RISK, PREECLAMPSIA, VARIABLE SELECTION

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