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Pleasurable music affects reinforcement learning according to the listener

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Pleasurable music affects reinforcement learning according to the listener. / Gold, Benjamin P.; Frank, Michael J.; Bogert, Brigitte; Brattico, Elvira.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 4, 541, 21.08.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Gold, Benjamin P. ; Frank, Michael J. ; Bogert, Brigitte ; Brattico, Elvira. / Pleasurable music affects reinforcement learning according to the listener. In: Frontiers in Psychology. 2013 ; Vol. 4.

Bibtex

@article{ea9e81d7816049da9f4979e8761371a8,
title = "Pleasurable music affects reinforcement learning according to the listener",
abstract = "Mounting evidence links the enjoyment of music to brain areas implicated in emotion and the dopaminergic reward system. In particular, dopamine release in the ventral striatum seems to play a major role in the rewarding aspect of music listening. Striatal dopamine also influences reinforcement learning, such that subjects with greater dopamine efficacy learn better to approach rewards while those with lesser dopamine efficacy learn better to avoid punishments. In this study, we explored the practical implications of musical pleasure through its ability to facilitate reinforcement learning via non-pharmacological dopamine elicitation. Subjects from a wide variety of musical backgrounds chose a pleasurable and a neutral piece of music from an experimenter-compiled database, and then listened to one or both of these pieces (according to pseudo-random group assignment) as they performed a reinforcement learning task dependent on dopamine transmission. We assessed musical backgrounds as well as typical listening patterns with the new Helsinki Inventory of Music and Affective Behaviors (HIMAB), and separately investigated behavior for the training and test phases of the learning task. Subjects with more musical experience trained better with neutral music and tested better with pleasurable music, while those with less musical experience exhibited the opposite effect. HIMAB results regarding listening behaviors and subjective music ratings indicate that these effects arose from different listening styles: namely, more affective listening in non-musicians and more analytical listening in musicians. In conclusion, musical pleasure was able to influence task performance, and the shape of this effect depended on group and individual factors. These findings have implications in affective neuroscience, neuroaesthetics, learning, and music therapy.",
keywords = "music, pleasure, reinforcement learning, reward, dopamine, subjectivity, musical experience, listening strategy, PREDICT INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, PARKINSONS-DISEASE, DOPAMINE RELEASE, BRAIN-REGIONS, EVERYDAY LIFE, REWARD, RESPONSES, EMOTION, MECHANISMS, CORRELATE",
author = "Gold, {Benjamin P.} and Frank, {Michael J.} and Brigitte Bogert and Elvira Brattico",
year = "2013",
month = aug,
day = "21",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00541",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pleasurable music affects reinforcement learning according to the listener

AU - Gold, Benjamin P.

AU - Frank, Michael J.

AU - Bogert, Brigitte

AU - Brattico, Elvira

PY - 2013/8/21

Y1 - 2013/8/21

N2 - Mounting evidence links the enjoyment of music to brain areas implicated in emotion and the dopaminergic reward system. In particular, dopamine release in the ventral striatum seems to play a major role in the rewarding aspect of music listening. Striatal dopamine also influences reinforcement learning, such that subjects with greater dopamine efficacy learn better to approach rewards while those with lesser dopamine efficacy learn better to avoid punishments. In this study, we explored the practical implications of musical pleasure through its ability to facilitate reinforcement learning via non-pharmacological dopamine elicitation. Subjects from a wide variety of musical backgrounds chose a pleasurable and a neutral piece of music from an experimenter-compiled database, and then listened to one or both of these pieces (according to pseudo-random group assignment) as they performed a reinforcement learning task dependent on dopamine transmission. We assessed musical backgrounds as well as typical listening patterns with the new Helsinki Inventory of Music and Affective Behaviors (HIMAB), and separately investigated behavior for the training and test phases of the learning task. Subjects with more musical experience trained better with neutral music and tested better with pleasurable music, while those with less musical experience exhibited the opposite effect. HIMAB results regarding listening behaviors and subjective music ratings indicate that these effects arose from different listening styles: namely, more affective listening in non-musicians and more analytical listening in musicians. In conclusion, musical pleasure was able to influence task performance, and the shape of this effect depended on group and individual factors. These findings have implications in affective neuroscience, neuroaesthetics, learning, and music therapy.

AB - Mounting evidence links the enjoyment of music to brain areas implicated in emotion and the dopaminergic reward system. In particular, dopamine release in the ventral striatum seems to play a major role in the rewarding aspect of music listening. Striatal dopamine also influences reinforcement learning, such that subjects with greater dopamine efficacy learn better to approach rewards while those with lesser dopamine efficacy learn better to avoid punishments. In this study, we explored the practical implications of musical pleasure through its ability to facilitate reinforcement learning via non-pharmacological dopamine elicitation. Subjects from a wide variety of musical backgrounds chose a pleasurable and a neutral piece of music from an experimenter-compiled database, and then listened to one or both of these pieces (according to pseudo-random group assignment) as they performed a reinforcement learning task dependent on dopamine transmission. We assessed musical backgrounds as well as typical listening patterns with the new Helsinki Inventory of Music and Affective Behaviors (HIMAB), and separately investigated behavior for the training and test phases of the learning task. Subjects with more musical experience trained better with neutral music and tested better with pleasurable music, while those with less musical experience exhibited the opposite effect. HIMAB results regarding listening behaviors and subjective music ratings indicate that these effects arose from different listening styles: namely, more affective listening in non-musicians and more analytical listening in musicians. In conclusion, musical pleasure was able to influence task performance, and the shape of this effect depended on group and individual factors. These findings have implications in affective neuroscience, neuroaesthetics, learning, and music therapy.

KW - music

KW - pleasure

KW - reinforcement learning

KW - reward

KW - dopamine

KW - subjectivity

KW - musical experience

KW - listening strategy

KW - PREDICT INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES

KW - PARKINSONS-DISEASE

KW - DOPAMINE RELEASE

KW - BRAIN-REGIONS

KW - EVERYDAY LIFE

KW - REWARD

KW - RESPONSES

KW - EMOTION

KW - MECHANISMS

KW - CORRELATE

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00541

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00541

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23970875

VL - 4

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

M1 - 541

ER -