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Plate-wide stress relaxation explains European Palaeocene basin inversions

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Plate-wide stress relaxation explains European Palaeocene basin inversions. / Nielsen, S.B.; Thomsen, Erik; Hansen, D.L.; Clausen, Ole Rønø.

In: Nature, Vol. 435, 2005, p. 195-198.

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@article{7bcbec302a9011dabee902004c4f4f50,
title = "Plate-wide stress relaxation explains European Palaeocene basin inversions",
abstract = "During Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic times many Paleozoic and Mesozoic rifts and basin structures in the interior of the European continent underwent several phases of inversion. The main phases occurred during the Late Cretaceous and Middle Paleocene, and have been explained by pulses of compression, mainly from the Alpine orogen. Here we show that the main phases differed both in structural style and cause. The Cretaceous phase was characterized by narrow uplift zones, reverse activation of faults, crustal shortening, and the formation of asymmetric marginal troughs. In contrast, the Middle Paleocene phase was characterized by domal uplift of a wider area with only mild fault movements, and formation of more distal and shallow marginal troughs. A simple flexural model explains how domal, secondary inversion follows inevitably from primary, convergence related inversion upon relaxation of the in-plane tectonic stress. The onset of relaxation inversions was plate-wide and simultaneous, and may have been triggered by stress changes caused by elevation of the North Atlantic lithosphere by the Iceland plume or the drop in NS convergence rate between Africa and Europe.",
keywords = "intra-plate deformation, flexure, in-plane stress, lithosphere, inversion",
author = "S.B. Nielsen and Erik Thomsen and D.L. Hansen and Clausen, {Ole R{\o}n{\o}}",
year = "2005",
language = "English",
volume = "435",
pages = "195--198",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Plate-wide stress relaxation explains European Palaeocene basin inversions

AU - Nielsen, S.B.

AU - Thomsen, Erik

AU - Hansen, D.L.

AU - Clausen, Ole Rønø

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - During Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic times many Paleozoic and Mesozoic rifts and basin structures in the interior of the European continent underwent several phases of inversion. The main phases occurred during the Late Cretaceous and Middle Paleocene, and have been explained by pulses of compression, mainly from the Alpine orogen. Here we show that the main phases differed both in structural style and cause. The Cretaceous phase was characterized by narrow uplift zones, reverse activation of faults, crustal shortening, and the formation of asymmetric marginal troughs. In contrast, the Middle Paleocene phase was characterized by domal uplift of a wider area with only mild fault movements, and formation of more distal and shallow marginal troughs. A simple flexural model explains how domal, secondary inversion follows inevitably from primary, convergence related inversion upon relaxation of the in-plane tectonic stress. The onset of relaxation inversions was plate-wide and simultaneous, and may have been triggered by stress changes caused by elevation of the North Atlantic lithosphere by the Iceland plume or the drop in NS convergence rate between Africa and Europe.

AB - During Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic times many Paleozoic and Mesozoic rifts and basin structures in the interior of the European continent underwent several phases of inversion. The main phases occurred during the Late Cretaceous and Middle Paleocene, and have been explained by pulses of compression, mainly from the Alpine orogen. Here we show that the main phases differed both in structural style and cause. The Cretaceous phase was characterized by narrow uplift zones, reverse activation of faults, crustal shortening, and the formation of asymmetric marginal troughs. In contrast, the Middle Paleocene phase was characterized by domal uplift of a wider area with only mild fault movements, and formation of more distal and shallow marginal troughs. A simple flexural model explains how domal, secondary inversion follows inevitably from primary, convergence related inversion upon relaxation of the in-plane tectonic stress. The onset of relaxation inversions was plate-wide and simultaneous, and may have been triggered by stress changes caused by elevation of the North Atlantic lithosphere by the Iceland plume or the drop in NS convergence rate between Africa and Europe.

KW - intra-plate deformation, flexure, in-plane stress, lithosphere, inversion

M3 - Journal article

VL - 435

SP - 195

EP - 198

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

ER -