Physiological adaptations to extreme maternal and allomaternal care in spiders

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Physiological adaptations to extreme maternal and allomaternal care in spiders. / Junghanns, Anja; Holm, Christina; Schou, Mads Fristrup; Overgaard, Johannes; Malte, Hans; Uhl, Gabriele; Bilde, Trine.

In: Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 7, 305, 09.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Junghanns A, Holm C, Schou MF, Overgaard J, Malte H, Uhl G et al. Physiological adaptations to extreme maternal and allomaternal care in spiders. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 2019 Sep;7. 305. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2019.00305

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Junghanns, Anja ; Holm, Christina ; Schou, Mads Fristrup ; Overgaard, Johannes ; Malte, Hans ; Uhl, Gabriele ; Bilde, Trine. / Physiological adaptations to extreme maternal and allomaternal care in spiders. In: Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 2019 ; Vol. 7.

Bibtex

@article{f8f3cf7c16e14bbdb7fe2e2e4aa5cd43,
title = "Physiological adaptations to extreme maternal and allomaternal care in spiders",
abstract = "Some semelparous species show terminal investment by suicidal offspring provisioning. This requires internal cellular disintegration for the production of regurgitated food and in preparation for the sacrifice of the female body to the offspring, however, we have limited insights into the extent and costs of such physiological modifications. Extreme provisioning is hypothesized to be limited to reproducing individuals because it requires physiological alterations triggered by reproduction. However, non-reproducing helpers-at-the-nest have been shown to engage in suicidal provisioning, prompting us to ask whether helpers undergo similar physiological alterations to brood provisioning as mothers, which would represent an adaptation to cooperative breeding. Using an experimental approach, we investigated the physiological consequences of extended maternal care in the solitary spider Stegodyphus lineatus and the cooperative breeder S. dumicola, and whether non-reproducing helpers (virgin allomothers) in S. dumicola show physiological adaptations to brood provisioning. To identify costs of offspring provisioning, we determined the energy expenditure (standard metabolic rate; SMR) and tissue disintegration over the course of brood care. In both species, brood care is associated with elevated SMR, which was highest in allomothers. Brood care results in progressive disintegration of midgut tissue, which also occurred in allomothers. On experimental offspring removal, these responses are reversible but only until the onset of regurgitation feeding, marking a physiological {"}point-of-no-return.{"} The mechanism underlying the onset of physiological responses is unknown, but based on our finding of mature eggs in mothers and allomothers, as opposed to the undeveloped eggs in virgins of the solitary species, we propose that oocyte maturation is a central adaptation in non-reproducing helpers to provide terminal allomaternal care.",
keywords = "BEHAVIOR, DUMICOLA ARANEAE, EVOLUTION, LACTATION, MATRIPHAGY, METABOLIC-RATE, REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS, SOCIAL SPIDER, STEGODYPHUS-LINEATUS ARANEAE, SURVIVAL, allomaternal care, brood-provisioning, histology, metabolic-rate, midgut, physiology, semelparity",
author = "Anja Junghanns and Christina Holm and Schou, {Mads Fristrup} and Johannes Overgaard and Hans Malte and Gabriele Uhl and Trine Bilde",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
doi = "10.3389/fevo.2019.00305",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution",
issn = "2296-701X",
publisher = "Frontiers Media",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physiological adaptations to extreme maternal and allomaternal care in spiders

AU - Junghanns, Anja

AU - Holm, Christina

AU - Schou, Mads Fristrup

AU - Overgaard, Johannes

AU - Malte, Hans

AU - Uhl, Gabriele

AU - Bilde, Trine

PY - 2019/9

Y1 - 2019/9

N2 - Some semelparous species show terminal investment by suicidal offspring provisioning. This requires internal cellular disintegration for the production of regurgitated food and in preparation for the sacrifice of the female body to the offspring, however, we have limited insights into the extent and costs of such physiological modifications. Extreme provisioning is hypothesized to be limited to reproducing individuals because it requires physiological alterations triggered by reproduction. However, non-reproducing helpers-at-the-nest have been shown to engage in suicidal provisioning, prompting us to ask whether helpers undergo similar physiological alterations to brood provisioning as mothers, which would represent an adaptation to cooperative breeding. Using an experimental approach, we investigated the physiological consequences of extended maternal care in the solitary spider Stegodyphus lineatus and the cooperative breeder S. dumicola, and whether non-reproducing helpers (virgin allomothers) in S. dumicola show physiological adaptations to brood provisioning. To identify costs of offspring provisioning, we determined the energy expenditure (standard metabolic rate; SMR) and tissue disintegration over the course of brood care. In both species, brood care is associated with elevated SMR, which was highest in allomothers. Brood care results in progressive disintegration of midgut tissue, which also occurred in allomothers. On experimental offspring removal, these responses are reversible but only until the onset of regurgitation feeding, marking a physiological "point-of-no-return." The mechanism underlying the onset of physiological responses is unknown, but based on our finding of mature eggs in mothers and allomothers, as opposed to the undeveloped eggs in virgins of the solitary species, we propose that oocyte maturation is a central adaptation in non-reproducing helpers to provide terminal allomaternal care.

AB - Some semelparous species show terminal investment by suicidal offspring provisioning. This requires internal cellular disintegration for the production of regurgitated food and in preparation for the sacrifice of the female body to the offspring, however, we have limited insights into the extent and costs of such physiological modifications. Extreme provisioning is hypothesized to be limited to reproducing individuals because it requires physiological alterations triggered by reproduction. However, non-reproducing helpers-at-the-nest have been shown to engage in suicidal provisioning, prompting us to ask whether helpers undergo similar physiological alterations to brood provisioning as mothers, which would represent an adaptation to cooperative breeding. Using an experimental approach, we investigated the physiological consequences of extended maternal care in the solitary spider Stegodyphus lineatus and the cooperative breeder S. dumicola, and whether non-reproducing helpers (virgin allomothers) in S. dumicola show physiological adaptations to brood provisioning. To identify costs of offspring provisioning, we determined the energy expenditure (standard metabolic rate; SMR) and tissue disintegration over the course of brood care. In both species, brood care is associated with elevated SMR, which was highest in allomothers. Brood care results in progressive disintegration of midgut tissue, which also occurred in allomothers. On experimental offspring removal, these responses are reversible but only until the onset of regurgitation feeding, marking a physiological "point-of-no-return." The mechanism underlying the onset of physiological responses is unknown, but based on our finding of mature eggs in mothers and allomothers, as opposed to the undeveloped eggs in virgins of the solitary species, we propose that oocyte maturation is a central adaptation in non-reproducing helpers to provide terminal allomaternal care.

KW - BEHAVIOR

KW - DUMICOLA ARANEAE

KW - EVOLUTION

KW - LACTATION

KW - MATRIPHAGY

KW - METABOLIC-RATE

KW - REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS

KW - SOCIAL SPIDER

KW - STEGODYPHUS-LINEATUS ARANEAE

KW - SURVIVAL

KW - allomaternal care

KW - brood-provisioning

KW - histology

KW - metabolic-rate

KW - midgut

KW - physiology

KW - semelparity

U2 - 10.3389/fevo.2019.00305

DO - 10.3389/fevo.2019.00305

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

JO - Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution

JF - Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution

SN - 2296-701X

M1 - 305

ER -