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Phyllobacterium calauticae sp. nov. isolated from a microaerophilic veil transversed by cable bacteria in freshwater sediment

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Microaerophilic veils of swimming microorganisms form at oxic-anoxic interfaces, mostly described in sediments where sulfide from below meets oxygen diffusing in from the water phase. However, microaerophilic veils form even when these gradients do not overlap, for example when cable bacteria activity leads to a suboxic zone. This suggests that veil microorganisms can use electron donors other than sulfide. Here we describe the extraction of microorganisms from a microaerophilic veil that formed in cable-bacteria-enriched freshwater sediment using a glass capillary, and the subsequent isolation of a motile, microaerophilic, organoheterotrophic bacterium, strain R2-JLT, unable to oxidize sulfide. Based on phenotypic, phylogenetic, and genomic comparison, we propose strain R2-JLT as a novel Phyllobacterium species, P. calauticae sp. nov. The type strain is R2-JLT (= LMG 32286T = DSM 112555T). This novel isolate confirms that a wider variety of electron donors, including organic compounds, can fuel the activity of microorganisms in microaerophilic veils.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAntonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology
Pages (from-to)1877-1887
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

    Research areas

  • Chemotaxis, Gradient, Microaerophile, Motility, Oxic-anoxic interface, Sulfide

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