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Perspectives on sugar consumption expressed on social media by French-speaking and Danish-speaking parents

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Perspectives on sugar consumption expressed on social media by French-speaking and Danish-speaking parents. / Ferreira de Moura, Andreia; Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica.

In: Social Science & Medicine, Vol. 270, 113636, 02.2021.

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@article{709576af81e24dd09ac34001f578e6e5,
title = "Perspectives on sugar consumption expressed on social media by French-speaking and Danish-speaking parents",
abstract = "IntroductionMeanings and practices attributed to sugar emerged as important barriers to healthy eating in an earlier study with French and Danish parents. Considering the impact of excessive sugar intake on human health and childhood obesity, this study focuses on gaining further understanding of connotations, perceptions and attitudes related to sugar among parents.MethodsA thematic analysis of sugar-related posts and comments on blogs and Facebook pages was performed, and in-depth interviews with experts (one in each country) were conducted. Data were set in a Social Judgment Theory analytical framework.ResultsSugar consumption appears as a two-sided experience, being at times dangerous, sinful and addictive, but also comforting and delightful. This “sugar dilemma” unfolded aspects between asceticism and hedonism, state governance and personal responsibility. Three main behavioral strategies on how parents deal with these ambivalences emerged: i) restriction, ii) moderation, and iii) liberation. Restriction was more noticeable in France, whereas liberation was more pronounced in Denmark. In both countries, the ones who defended the respective opposite positions (restriction or liberation) were targets of judgmental moral tones. The three behavioral strategies corresponded to the main attitudes demonstrated in reaction to anti-sugar messages, which align to the Social Judgment Theory constructs: acceptance, non-commitment and rejection.ConclusionsFindings shed light on dietary, behavioral and social challenges faced by parents and highlight the importance of a diversified approach to tackle sugar consumption among families - an approach that considers individuals' attitudes, social context and value systems. Furthermore, online sugar-related content yields valuable information on the social construction and morality of health and nutrition discourses and the misleading, confusing and overwhelming nature of social media content. Parents{\textquoteright} discussions are an example of the general dilemmas between (gendered) parenting expectations, individual freedom and morality of food choices.",
keywords = "Sugar, Parents, Food choices, Social media, Family health, Netnography, Dietary cacophony, Social judgment theory",
author = "{Ferreira de Moura}, Andreia and Jessica Aschemann-Witzel",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113636",
language = "English",
volume = "270",
journal = "Social Science & Medicine",
issn = "0277-9536",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perspectives on sugar consumption expressed on social media by French-speaking and Danish-speaking parents

AU - Ferreira de Moura, Andreia

AU - Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica

PY - 2021/2

Y1 - 2021/2

N2 - IntroductionMeanings and practices attributed to sugar emerged as important barriers to healthy eating in an earlier study with French and Danish parents. Considering the impact of excessive sugar intake on human health and childhood obesity, this study focuses on gaining further understanding of connotations, perceptions and attitudes related to sugar among parents.MethodsA thematic analysis of sugar-related posts and comments on blogs and Facebook pages was performed, and in-depth interviews with experts (one in each country) were conducted. Data were set in a Social Judgment Theory analytical framework.ResultsSugar consumption appears as a two-sided experience, being at times dangerous, sinful and addictive, but also comforting and delightful. This “sugar dilemma” unfolded aspects between asceticism and hedonism, state governance and personal responsibility. Three main behavioral strategies on how parents deal with these ambivalences emerged: i) restriction, ii) moderation, and iii) liberation. Restriction was more noticeable in France, whereas liberation was more pronounced in Denmark. In both countries, the ones who defended the respective opposite positions (restriction or liberation) were targets of judgmental moral tones. The three behavioral strategies corresponded to the main attitudes demonstrated in reaction to anti-sugar messages, which align to the Social Judgment Theory constructs: acceptance, non-commitment and rejection.ConclusionsFindings shed light on dietary, behavioral and social challenges faced by parents and highlight the importance of a diversified approach to tackle sugar consumption among families - an approach that considers individuals' attitudes, social context and value systems. Furthermore, online sugar-related content yields valuable information on the social construction and morality of health and nutrition discourses and the misleading, confusing and overwhelming nature of social media content. Parents’ discussions are an example of the general dilemmas between (gendered) parenting expectations, individual freedom and morality of food choices.

AB - IntroductionMeanings and practices attributed to sugar emerged as important barriers to healthy eating in an earlier study with French and Danish parents. Considering the impact of excessive sugar intake on human health and childhood obesity, this study focuses on gaining further understanding of connotations, perceptions and attitudes related to sugar among parents.MethodsA thematic analysis of sugar-related posts and comments on blogs and Facebook pages was performed, and in-depth interviews with experts (one in each country) were conducted. Data were set in a Social Judgment Theory analytical framework.ResultsSugar consumption appears as a two-sided experience, being at times dangerous, sinful and addictive, but also comforting and delightful. This “sugar dilemma” unfolded aspects between asceticism and hedonism, state governance and personal responsibility. Three main behavioral strategies on how parents deal with these ambivalences emerged: i) restriction, ii) moderation, and iii) liberation. Restriction was more noticeable in France, whereas liberation was more pronounced in Denmark. In both countries, the ones who defended the respective opposite positions (restriction or liberation) were targets of judgmental moral tones. The three behavioral strategies corresponded to the main attitudes demonstrated in reaction to anti-sugar messages, which align to the Social Judgment Theory constructs: acceptance, non-commitment and rejection.ConclusionsFindings shed light on dietary, behavioral and social challenges faced by parents and highlight the importance of a diversified approach to tackle sugar consumption among families - an approach that considers individuals' attitudes, social context and value systems. Furthermore, online sugar-related content yields valuable information on the social construction and morality of health and nutrition discourses and the misleading, confusing and overwhelming nature of social media content. Parents’ discussions are an example of the general dilemmas between (gendered) parenting expectations, individual freedom and morality of food choices.

KW - Sugar

KW - Parents

KW - Food choices

KW - Social media

KW - Family health

KW - Netnography

KW - Dietary cacophony

KW - Social judgment theory

U2 - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113636

DO - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113636

M3 - Journal article

VL - 270

JO - Social Science & Medicine

JF - Social Science & Medicine

SN - 0277-9536

M1 - 113636

ER -