Department of Management

Personality in context: Effective traits for expatriate managers at different levels

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

The purpose of this article is to assess how management level as a contextual factor interacts with personal characteristics in predicting expatriate performance. In particular, we focused on proactive personality (the individual’s disposition to change the organizational environment) and self-control (the individual’s disposition to change oneself to fit the organizational environment). Surveying 307 business expatriate managers in China, we hypothesized that in relation to work outcomes, the effect of proactive personality would be stronger for CEOs while the effect of self-control would be stronger for non-CEOs. We found both proactive personality and self-control to have favorable effects on our performance indicators: job performance, effectiveness, and time to proficiency. In line with our prediction, we also found the effect of proactive personality on job performance to be stronger for CEO expatriates while the effect of self-control on performance was stronger for non-CEO expatriate managers.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Volume30
Issue6
Pages (from-to)1010-1035
Number of pages26
ISSN0958-5192
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • CEOs, Expatriates, contextual factors, management level, performance, proactive personality, self-control, NATIONALITY, ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, SELF-CONTROL, HOST COUNTRY, COMMON METHOD VARIANCE, JOB-PERFORMANCE, CROSS-CULTURAL ADJUSTMENT, WORK OUTCOMES, PROACTIVE PERSONALITY, SUBSIDIARIES

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