Persistent geographical disparities in the use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention in 120 European regions: exploring the variation

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Abstract

Aims: Large inequalities in the use of primary percutaneous interventions (PPCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are evident. In order to understand how we can help to implement best practice for STEMI patients, we investigated the variation in PPCI utilisation in 120 regions in 10 EU countries and the association with economic, organisational and demographic characteristics. Methods and results: We performed an ecological study using mixed effects regression models in the following 10 countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, England and Wales, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and Northern Ireland. The main finding was the annual number of PPCI per million inhabitants from 2003 through 2008. Overall, the annual increase in PPCI utilisation was 1.15 (95% CI: 1.12, 1.19) per million per year. Regional-level rates varied from 0.74 (95% CI: 0.42, 1.30) to 1.90 (95 % CI: 1.01, 3.55) per million per year. At a regional level, significant positive associations with PPCI utilisation were the number of physicians per 100,000 inhabitants; the number of nurses and midwives per 100,000 inhabitants; and the proportion of the region's population aged 50 to
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuroIntervention : journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology
Volume9
Issue4
Pages (from-to)469-76
Number of pages8
ISSN1774-024X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2013

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