Perrenial Grasses for Sustainable European Protein Production

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Standard

Perrenial Grasses for Sustainable European Protein Production. / Jørgensen, Uffe; Lærke, Poul Erik.

Perrenial Biomass Crops for a Resource-Constrained World. ed. / Susanne Barth; Donal Murphy-Bokern; Olena Kalinina; Gail Taylor; Michael Jones. Springer Publishing Company, 2016. p. 33-41.

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Jørgensen, U & Lærke, PE 2016, Perrenial Grasses for Sustainable European Protein Production. in S Barth, D Murphy-Bokern, O Kalinina, G Taylor & M Jones (eds), Perrenial Biomass Crops for a Resource-Constrained World. Springer Publishing Company, pp. 33-41. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44530-4_3

APA

Jørgensen, U., & Lærke, P. E. (2016). Perrenial Grasses for Sustainable European Protein Production. In S. Barth, D. Murphy-Bokern, O. Kalinina, G. Taylor, & M. Jones (Eds.), Perrenial Biomass Crops for a Resource-Constrained World (pp. 33-41). Springer Publishing Company. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44530-4_3

CBE

Jørgensen U, Lærke PE. 2016. Perrenial Grasses for Sustainable European Protein Production. Barth S, Murphy-Bokern D, Kalinina O, Taylor G, Jones M, editors. In Perrenial Biomass Crops for a Resource-Constrained World. Springer Publishing Company. pp. 33-41. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44530-4_3

MLA

Jørgensen, Uffe and Poul Erik Lærke "Perrenial Grasses for Sustainable European Protein Production"., Barth, Susanne, Murphy-Bokern, Donal Kalinina, Olena Taylor, Gail Jones, Michael (editors). Perrenial Biomass Crops for a Resource-Constrained World. Springer Publishing Company. 2016, 33-41. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44530-4_3

Vancouver

Jørgensen U, Lærke PE. Perrenial Grasses for Sustainable European Protein Production. In Barth S, Murphy-Bokern D, Kalinina O, Taylor G, Jones M, editors, Perrenial Biomass Crops for a Resource-Constrained World. Springer Publishing Company. 2016. p. 33-41 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44530-4_3

Author

Jørgensen, Uffe ; Lærke, Poul Erik. / Perrenial Grasses for Sustainable European Protein Production. Perrenial Biomass Crops for a Resource-Constrained World. editor / Susanne Barth ; Donal Murphy-Bokern ; Olena Kalinina ; Gail Taylor ; Michael Jones. Springer Publishing Company, 2016. pp. 33-41

Bibtex

@inbook{e61214f67566416caa5231070861675c,
title = "Perrenial Grasses for Sustainable European Protein Production",
abstract = "Compared with annual grain and seed crops, the production of perennial crops reduces losses of nutrients, the need for pesticides, and supports soil carbon build-up. This may help implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD); the Nitrates Directive; and support the new EU greenhouse gas reduction goals for agriculture. Denmark has an especially vulnerable aquatic environment due to sandy soils, a long coast line, and high precipitation. Thus, fulfilling the WFD means some areas must halve their nitrate leaching, and radical changes are required to reduce losses while maintaining profitable crop production. National scenarios show that up to ten million tonnes of additional biomass can be sourced in Denmark without reducing food production or increasing the area under cultivation if a biorefinery industry is established. In one of the scenarios optimized for additional environmental benefits, a reduction of nitrate leaching equivalent to 23,000 tonnes N annually was estimated. This is approximately the reduction required by the WFD for Denmark. Even though much more organic matter will be mobilized for biorefining, soil carbon levels are estimated to be largely unchanged in the “environment” scenario. This scenario was achieved by converting approx. 9 {\%} of agricultural land from annual crops into perennial grass. New experimental results support the anticipated increase in total biomass yield and reduction in nitrate leaching, when converting land currently used for grain crop production into grass production. Grasses and legumes have higher contents of protein with better quality (high lysine and methionine contents) than grain and seed crops. Thus, substituting imported soya bean protein with protein extracted from perennial grasses is an interesting option.",
keywords = "Soya bean import, Nitrate, Pesticides, Soil Carbon, Green biorefinery, Sustainable intensification",
author = "Uffe J{\o}rgensen and L{\ae}rke, {Poul Erik}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-44530-4_3",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-3-319-44529-8",
pages = "33--41",
editor = "Susanne Barth and Donal Murphy-Bokern and Olena Kalinina and Gail Taylor and Michael Jones",
booktitle = "Perrenial Biomass Crops for a Resource-Constrained World",
publisher = "Springer Publishing Company",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Perrenial Grasses for Sustainable European Protein Production

AU - Jørgensen, Uffe

AU - Lærke, Poul Erik

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Compared with annual grain and seed crops, the production of perennial crops reduces losses of nutrients, the need for pesticides, and supports soil carbon build-up. This may help implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD); the Nitrates Directive; and support the new EU greenhouse gas reduction goals for agriculture. Denmark has an especially vulnerable aquatic environment due to sandy soils, a long coast line, and high precipitation. Thus, fulfilling the WFD means some areas must halve their nitrate leaching, and radical changes are required to reduce losses while maintaining profitable crop production. National scenarios show that up to ten million tonnes of additional biomass can be sourced in Denmark without reducing food production or increasing the area under cultivation if a biorefinery industry is established. In one of the scenarios optimized for additional environmental benefits, a reduction of nitrate leaching equivalent to 23,000 tonnes N annually was estimated. This is approximately the reduction required by the WFD for Denmark. Even though much more organic matter will be mobilized for biorefining, soil carbon levels are estimated to be largely unchanged in the “environment” scenario. This scenario was achieved by converting approx. 9 % of agricultural land from annual crops into perennial grass. New experimental results support the anticipated increase in total biomass yield and reduction in nitrate leaching, when converting land currently used for grain crop production into grass production. Grasses and legumes have higher contents of protein with better quality (high lysine and methionine contents) than grain and seed crops. Thus, substituting imported soya bean protein with protein extracted from perennial grasses is an interesting option.

AB - Compared with annual grain and seed crops, the production of perennial crops reduces losses of nutrients, the need for pesticides, and supports soil carbon build-up. This may help implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD); the Nitrates Directive; and support the new EU greenhouse gas reduction goals for agriculture. Denmark has an especially vulnerable aquatic environment due to sandy soils, a long coast line, and high precipitation. Thus, fulfilling the WFD means some areas must halve their nitrate leaching, and radical changes are required to reduce losses while maintaining profitable crop production. National scenarios show that up to ten million tonnes of additional biomass can be sourced in Denmark without reducing food production or increasing the area under cultivation if a biorefinery industry is established. In one of the scenarios optimized for additional environmental benefits, a reduction of nitrate leaching equivalent to 23,000 tonnes N annually was estimated. This is approximately the reduction required by the WFD for Denmark. Even though much more organic matter will be mobilized for biorefining, soil carbon levels are estimated to be largely unchanged in the “environment” scenario. This scenario was achieved by converting approx. 9 % of agricultural land from annual crops into perennial grass. New experimental results support the anticipated increase in total biomass yield and reduction in nitrate leaching, when converting land currently used for grain crop production into grass production. Grasses and legumes have higher contents of protein with better quality (high lysine and methionine contents) than grain and seed crops. Thus, substituting imported soya bean protein with protein extracted from perennial grasses is an interesting option.

KW - Soya bean import

KW - Nitrate

KW - Pesticides

KW - Soil Carbon

KW - Green biorefinery

KW - Sustainable intensification

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-44530-4_3

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-44530-4_3

M3 - Book chapter

SN - 978-3-319-44529-8

SP - 33

EP - 41

BT - Perrenial Biomass Crops for a Resource-Constrained World

A2 - Barth, Susanne

A2 - Murphy-Bokern, Donal

A2 - Kalinina, Olena

A2 - Taylor, Gail

A2 - Jones, Michael

PB - Springer Publishing Company

ER -