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Perfusion and pH MRI in familial hemiplegic migraine with prolonged aura

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INTRODUCTION: To investigate tissue flow disturbance and hypoxia during migraine aura, we studied a case of familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) using novel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques.

CASE RESULTS: A 44-year-old male was admitted with suspected stroke because of confusion and aphasia. Initial gadolinium-based perfusion MRI showed a decrease in cerebral blood flow and an increase in capillary flow disturbances within the left hemisphere. Later during the prolonged aura phase, chemical exchange saturation transfer MRI indicated a drop in pH in the affected area. The patient was diagnosed with an R908Q mutation in the ATP1A2 gene causing FHM type 2.

DISCUSSION: During prolonged aura in FHM, MRI shows reduced CBF, capillary flow disturbances and a possible pH drop that could indicate tissue hypoxia.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCephalalgia
Volume36
Issue3
Pages (from-to)279-83
Number of pages5
ISSN0333-1024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

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