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Paradoxical outcomes of national schooling in the borderland of West Kalimantan, Indonesia: The case of the Iban

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This paper brings together facets of national belonging and national schooling within a Indonesian borderland context with the aim of understanding the often shifting and ambiguous relationship between border populations and their nation-state. Mass-education in Indonesia is of fairly recent origin and has been an important instrument in the nation-building process. In this paper, I will argue that processes of national schooling are often more complex and seldom turn out as intended by national policy-makers. In the area studied national schooling has been only partially successful in creating identification with Indonesia due to certain socio-economic constraints and the local border peoples’ long history of cross-border relations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBorneo Research Bulletin
Pages (from-to)163-184
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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