Department of Economics and Business Economics

Panel Data with Cross-Sectional Dependence Characterized by a Multi-Level Factor Structure

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A panel data model with a multi-level cross-sectional dependence is proposed. The factor structure is driven by top-level common factors as well as non-pervasive factors. I propose a simple method to filter out the full factor structure that overcomes limitations in standard procedures which may mix up both levels of unobservable factors and may hamper the identification of the model. The model covers both stationary and non-stationary cases and takes into account other relevant features that make the model well suited to the analysis of many types of time series frequently addressed in macroeconomics and finance. The model makes it possible to examine the time series and cross-sectional dynamics of variables allowing for a rich fractional cointegration analysis. A Monte Carlo simulation is conducted to examine the finite sample features of the suggested procedure. Findings indicate that the methodology proposed works well in a wide variety of data generation processes and has much lower biases than the alternative estimation methods either in the I(0) or I(d) cases.
Original languageEnglish
Place of publicationAarhus
PublisherInstitut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet
Number of pages42
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016
SeriesCREATES Research Papers
Number2016-31

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