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Oxidation of SO2 and formation of water droplets under irradiation of 20 MeV protons in N2/H2O/SO2

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  • Shigeo Tomita, Univ Tsukuba, University of Tsukuba, Inst Appl Phys
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  • Yoichi Nakai, RIKEN Nishina Ctr, RIKEN, Radioact Isotope Phys Lab
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  • Shuhei Funada, Univ Tsukuba, University of Tsukuba, Inst Appl Phys
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  • Hideomi Tanikawa, Univ Tsukuba, University of Tsukuba, Inst Appl Phys
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  • Isao Harayama, Univ Tsukuba, University of Tsukuba, Inst Appl Phys
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  • Hitomi Kobara, Natl Inst Adv Ind Sci & Technol, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science & Technology (AIST)
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  • Kimikazu Sasa, Univ Tsukuba, University of Tsukuba
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  • Jens Olaf Pepke Pedersen, Technical University of Denmark
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  • Preben Hvelplund

We have performed an experiment on charged droplet formation in a humidified N-2 gas with trace SO2 concentration and induced by 20 MeV proton irradiation. It is thought that SO2 reacts with the chemical species, such as OH radicals, generated through the reactions triggered by N-2(+) production. Both droplet number and droplet size increased with SO2 consumption for the proton irradiation. The total charged droplet numbers entering the differential mobility analyzer per unit time were proportional to the 0.68 power of the SO2 consumption. These two findings suggest that coagulation among the small droplets contributes to the formation of the droplets. The charged droplet volume detected per unit time is proportional to the SO2 consumption, which indicates that a constant amount, of sulfur atoms is contained in a unit volume of droplet, regardless of different droplet-size distributions depending on the SO2 consumption. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume235
IssuePart B
Pages (from-to)616-621
Number of pages6
ISSN0168-583X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2015

    Research areas

  • Nanoparticle formation, Sulfur dioxide, Fast ion irradiation, SULFURIC-ACID, AEROSOL NUCLEATION, COSMIC-RAYS, ION, PARTICLES, DIOXIDE, GASES, SPECTROMETER, IONIZATION, ATMOSPHERE

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