Organohalogen compounds of emerging concern in Baltic Sea biota: Levels, biomagnification potential and comparisons with legacy contaminants

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Organohalogen compounds of emerging concern in Baltic Sea biota: Levels, biomagnification potential and comparisons with legacy contaminants. / de Wit, Cynthia A.; Bossi, Rossana; Dietz, Rune; Dreyer, Annekatrin; Faxneld, Suzanne; Garbus, Svend Erik; Hellström, Peter; Koschorreck, Jan; Lohmann, Nina; Roos, Anna; Sellström, Ulla ; Sonne, Christian; Treu, Gabriele; Vorkamp, Katrin; Yuan, Bo; Eulaers, Igor.

In: Environment International, Vol. 144, 106037, 11.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

de Wit, CA, Bossi, R, Dietz, R, Dreyer, A, Faxneld, S, Garbus, SE, Hellström, P, Koschorreck, J, Lohmann, N, Roos, A, Sellström, U, Sonne, C, Treu, G, Vorkamp, K, Yuan, B & Eulaers, I 2020, 'Organohalogen compounds of emerging concern in Baltic Sea biota: Levels, biomagnification potential and comparisons with legacy contaminants', Environment International, vol. 144, 106037. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.106037

APA

de Wit, C. A., Bossi, R., Dietz, R., Dreyer, A., Faxneld, S., Garbus, S. E., Hellström, P., Koschorreck, J., Lohmann, N., Roos, A., Sellström, U., Sonne, C., Treu, G., Vorkamp, K., Yuan, B., & Eulaers, I. (2020). Organohalogen compounds of emerging concern in Baltic Sea biota: Levels, biomagnification potential and comparisons with legacy contaminants. Environment International, 144, [106037]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.106037

CBE

de Wit CA, Bossi R, Dietz R, Dreyer A, Faxneld S, Garbus SE, Hellström P, Koschorreck J, Lohmann N, Roos A, Sellström U, Sonne C, Treu G, Vorkamp K, Yuan B, Eulaers I. 2020. Organohalogen compounds of emerging concern in Baltic Sea biota: Levels, biomagnification potential and comparisons with legacy contaminants. Environment International. 144:Article 106037. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.106037

MLA

Vancouver

Author

de Wit, Cynthia A. ; Bossi, Rossana ; Dietz, Rune ; Dreyer, Annekatrin ; Faxneld, Suzanne ; Garbus, Svend Erik ; Hellström, Peter ; Koschorreck, Jan ; Lohmann, Nina ; Roos, Anna ; Sellström, Ulla ; Sonne, Christian ; Treu, Gabriele ; Vorkamp, Katrin ; Yuan, Bo ; Eulaers, Igor. / Organohalogen compounds of emerging concern in Baltic Sea biota: Levels, biomagnification potential and comparisons with legacy contaminants. In: Environment International. 2020 ; Vol. 144.

Bibtex

@article{2b4f481953af43f194c609e861ce335d,
title = "Organohalogen compounds of emerging concern in Baltic Sea biota:: Levels, biomagnification potential and comparisons with legacy contaminants",
abstract = "While new chemicals have replaced major toxic legacy contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), knowledge of their current levels and biomagnification potential in Baltic Sea biota is lacking. Therefore, a suite of chemicals of emerging concern, including organophosphate esters (OPEs), short-chain, medium-chain and long-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs, MCCPs, LCCPs), halogenated flame retardants (HFRs), and per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), were analysed in blue mussel (Mytilus edulis), viviparous eelpout (Zoarces viviparus), Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus), grey seal (Halichoerus grypus), harbor seal (Phoca vitulina), harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), common eider (Somateria mollissima), common guillemot (Uria aalge) and white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) from the Baltic Proper, sampled between 2006 and 2016. Results were benchmarked with existing data for legacy contaminants. The mean concentrations for ΣOPEs ranged from 57 to 550 ng g −1 lipid weight (lw), for ΣCPs from 110 to 640 ng g −1 lw for ΣHFRs from 0.42 to 80 ng g −1 lw, and for ΣPFAS from 1.1 to 450 ng g −1 wet weight. Perfluoro-4-ethylcyclohexanesulfonate (PFECHS) was detected in most species. Levels of OPEs, CPs and HFRs were generally similar or higher than those of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and/or hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD). OPE, CP and HFR concentrations were also similar to PCBs and DDTs in blue mussel, viviparous eelpout and Atlantic herring. In marine mammals and birds, PCB and DDT concentrations remained orders of magnitude higher than those of OPEs, CPs, HFRs and PFAS. Predator-prey ratios for individual OPEs (0.28–3.9) and CPs (0.40–5.0) were similar or somewhat lower than those seen for BDE-47 (5.0–29) and HBCDD (2.4–13). Ratios for individual HFRs (0.010–37) and PFAS (0.15–47) were, however, of the same order of magnitude as seen for p,p′-DDE (4.7–66) and CB-153 (31–190), indicating biomagnification potential for many of the emerging contaminants. Lack of toxicity data, including for complex mixtures, makes it difficult to assess the risks emerging contaminants pose. Their occurence and biomagnification potential should trigger risk management measures, particularly for MCCPs, HFRs and PFAS. ",
keywords = "halogenated flame retadants, Organophosphate esters, chlorinated paraffins, Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, top predator",
author = "{de Wit}, {Cynthia A.} and Rossana Bossi and Rune Dietz and Annekatrin Dreyer and Suzanne Faxneld and Garbus, {Svend Erik} and Peter Hellstr{\"o}m and Jan Koschorreck and Nina Lohmann and Anna Roos and Ulla Sellstr{\"o}m and Christian Sonne and Gabriele Treu and Katrin Vorkamp and Bo Yuan and Igor Eulaers",
year = "2020",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1016/j.envint.2020.106037",
language = "English",
volume = "144",
journal = "Environment International",
issn = "0160-4120",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Organohalogen compounds of emerging concern in Baltic Sea biota:

T2 - Levels, biomagnification potential and comparisons with legacy contaminants

AU - de Wit, Cynthia A.

AU - Bossi, Rossana

AU - Dietz, Rune

AU - Dreyer, Annekatrin

AU - Faxneld, Suzanne

AU - Garbus, Svend Erik

AU - Hellström, Peter

AU - Koschorreck, Jan

AU - Lohmann, Nina

AU - Roos, Anna

AU - Sellström, Ulla

AU - Sonne, Christian

AU - Treu, Gabriele

AU - Vorkamp, Katrin

AU - Yuan, Bo

AU - Eulaers, Igor

PY - 2020/11

Y1 - 2020/11

N2 - While new chemicals have replaced major toxic legacy contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), knowledge of their current levels and biomagnification potential in Baltic Sea biota is lacking. Therefore, a suite of chemicals of emerging concern, including organophosphate esters (OPEs), short-chain, medium-chain and long-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs, MCCPs, LCCPs), halogenated flame retardants (HFRs), and per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), were analysed in blue mussel (Mytilus edulis), viviparous eelpout (Zoarces viviparus), Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus), grey seal (Halichoerus grypus), harbor seal (Phoca vitulina), harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), common eider (Somateria mollissima), common guillemot (Uria aalge) and white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) from the Baltic Proper, sampled between 2006 and 2016. Results were benchmarked with existing data for legacy contaminants. The mean concentrations for ΣOPEs ranged from 57 to 550 ng g −1 lipid weight (lw), for ΣCPs from 110 to 640 ng g −1 lw for ΣHFRs from 0.42 to 80 ng g −1 lw, and for ΣPFAS from 1.1 to 450 ng g −1 wet weight. Perfluoro-4-ethylcyclohexanesulfonate (PFECHS) was detected in most species. Levels of OPEs, CPs and HFRs were generally similar or higher than those of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and/or hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD). OPE, CP and HFR concentrations were also similar to PCBs and DDTs in blue mussel, viviparous eelpout and Atlantic herring. In marine mammals and birds, PCB and DDT concentrations remained orders of magnitude higher than those of OPEs, CPs, HFRs and PFAS. Predator-prey ratios for individual OPEs (0.28–3.9) and CPs (0.40–5.0) were similar or somewhat lower than those seen for BDE-47 (5.0–29) and HBCDD (2.4–13). Ratios for individual HFRs (0.010–37) and PFAS (0.15–47) were, however, of the same order of magnitude as seen for p,p′-DDE (4.7–66) and CB-153 (31–190), indicating biomagnification potential for many of the emerging contaminants. Lack of toxicity data, including for complex mixtures, makes it difficult to assess the risks emerging contaminants pose. Their occurence and biomagnification potential should trigger risk management measures, particularly for MCCPs, HFRs and PFAS.

AB - While new chemicals have replaced major toxic legacy contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), knowledge of their current levels and biomagnification potential in Baltic Sea biota is lacking. Therefore, a suite of chemicals of emerging concern, including organophosphate esters (OPEs), short-chain, medium-chain and long-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs, MCCPs, LCCPs), halogenated flame retardants (HFRs), and per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), were analysed in blue mussel (Mytilus edulis), viviparous eelpout (Zoarces viviparus), Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus), grey seal (Halichoerus grypus), harbor seal (Phoca vitulina), harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), common eider (Somateria mollissima), common guillemot (Uria aalge) and white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) from the Baltic Proper, sampled between 2006 and 2016. Results were benchmarked with existing data for legacy contaminants. The mean concentrations for ΣOPEs ranged from 57 to 550 ng g −1 lipid weight (lw), for ΣCPs from 110 to 640 ng g −1 lw for ΣHFRs from 0.42 to 80 ng g −1 lw, and for ΣPFAS from 1.1 to 450 ng g −1 wet weight. Perfluoro-4-ethylcyclohexanesulfonate (PFECHS) was detected in most species. Levels of OPEs, CPs and HFRs were generally similar or higher than those of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and/or hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD). OPE, CP and HFR concentrations were also similar to PCBs and DDTs in blue mussel, viviparous eelpout and Atlantic herring. In marine mammals and birds, PCB and DDT concentrations remained orders of magnitude higher than those of OPEs, CPs, HFRs and PFAS. Predator-prey ratios for individual OPEs (0.28–3.9) and CPs (0.40–5.0) were similar or somewhat lower than those seen for BDE-47 (5.0–29) and HBCDD (2.4–13). Ratios for individual HFRs (0.010–37) and PFAS (0.15–47) were, however, of the same order of magnitude as seen for p,p′-DDE (4.7–66) and CB-153 (31–190), indicating biomagnification potential for many of the emerging contaminants. Lack of toxicity data, including for complex mixtures, makes it difficult to assess the risks emerging contaminants pose. Their occurence and biomagnification potential should trigger risk management measures, particularly for MCCPs, HFRs and PFAS.

KW - halogenated flame retadants

KW - Organophosphate esters

KW - chlorinated paraffins

KW - Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances

KW - top predator

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85089592655&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.envint.2020.106037

DO - 10.1016/j.envint.2020.106037

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32835922

VL - 144

JO - Environment International

JF - Environment International

SN - 0160-4120

M1 - 106037

ER -