Oral anticoagulation therapy initiation in patients with atrial fibrillation in relation to world region of origin: a register-based nationwide study

Juliane Frydenlund*, Jan Brink Valentin, Marie Norredam, Lars Frost, Sam Riahi, Kristian Hay Kragholm, Henrik Bøggild, Gregory Y.H. Lip, Søren Paaske Johnsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia and results in a high risk of stroke. The number of immigrants is increasing globally, but little is known about potential differences in AF care across migrant populations. Aim To investigate if initiation of oral anticoagulation therapy (OAC) differs for patients with incident AF in relation to country of origin. Methods A nationwide register-based study covering 1999–2017. AF was defined as a first-time diagnosis of AF and a high risk of stroke. Stroke risk was defined according to guidelines from the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Poisson regression adjusted for sex, age, socioeconomic position and comorbidity was made to compute incidence rate ratios (IRR) for initiation of OAC. Results The AF population included 254 586 individuals of Danish origin, 6673 of Western origin and 3757 of non-Western origin. Overall, OAC was initiated within −30/+90 days relative to the AF diagnosis in 50.3% of individuals of Danish origin initiated OAC, 49.6% of Western origin and 44.5% of non-Western origin. Immigrants from non-Western countries had significantly lower adjusted IRR of initiating OAC according to all ESC guidelines compared with patients of Danish origin. The adjusted IRRs ranged from 0.73 (95% CI: 0.66 to 0.80) following the launch of the 2010 ESC guideline to 0.89 (95% CI: 0.82 to 0.97) following the launch of the 2001 ESC guideline. Conclusion Patients with AF with a high risk of stroke of non-Western origin have persistently experienced a lower chance of initiating OAC compared with patients of Danish origin during the last decades.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere002544
JournalOpen Heart
Volume11
Issue1
ISSN2398-595X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

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