Oral administration of lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli (serotype O111:B4) does not induce an effective systemic immune response in milk-fed Holstein calves

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DOI

It is well established that intravenous administration of lipopolysaccharides (LPS)—cell wall components from gram-negative bacteria—induce acute inflammatory responses in dairy calves, but the effect of oral administration of LPS to dairy calves is currently unknown. To evaluate the effects of oral administration of LPS derived from Escherichia coli (serotype O111:B4) on innate immune responses in milk-fed Holstein calves, 20 visually healthy calves (34 ± 1 d) received 4 L of milk with LPS (12 μg/kg body weight; n = 10; LPS) or without LPS (n = 10; control) at the morning feeding. Samples were collected at 0.5 h before the morning feeding and at 3, 6, 24, 48, 72, and 168 h after the morning feeding to measure rectal temperature and heart rate, as well as plasma-negative and plasma-positive acute phase proteins (i.e., haptoglobin, serum amyloid A, albumin, total protein, and fibrinogen) and immunoglobulin concentrations (IgG, IgM, and IgA). None of these measurements was affected by the oral administration of LPS. Oral administration of LPS at 12 μg/kg of body weight did not induce an acute inflammatory response in visually healthy milk-fed Holstein calves when administered in milk.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume103
Issue6
Pages (from-to)5525-5531
Number of pages7
ISSN0022-0302
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • calves, Escherichia coli, immune system, lipopolysaccharides

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