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Optimum PZT Patch Size for Corrosion Detection in Reinforced Concrete Using the Electromechanical Impedance Technique

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DOI

This paper proposes the use of a 1-dimensional (1-D) electromechanical impedance model to extract proper design guidelines when selecting patch-size and frequency range for corrosion detection in reinforced concrete structures using the electromechanical impedance (EMI) technique. The theoretical results show that the sensitivity mainly lies in the peak frequencies of the impedance spectrum, while outside resonant frequencies the sensitivity levels are low, and are prone to natural variation. If the mechanical impedance ratio between the host structure and patch is too large, the peaks and thereby the sensitivity decreases. This can be counteracted by increasing the patch thickness. Tests were carried out in reinforced concrete structures, where lead zirconate titanate (PZT) patches were attached to the rebars. Patches measuring 10 × 10 mm in length and width, with thicknesses of 0.3, 0.5 and 1.5 mm, were used. The results show that only the 10 × 10 × 1.5 mm patch, was able to generate a clear peak in the 50 kHz to 400 kHz impedance spectrum. Furthermore, a reinforced concrete structure with the 1.5 mm patch attached was induced significant corrosion damages, resulting in cracking of the structure. Due to this, a leftward shift of the main peak, and creation of new peaks in the spectrum was observed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3903
JournalSensors
Volume21
Issue11
Number of pages21
ISSN1424-8220
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

    Research areas

  • Structural health monitoring, Corrosion, Reinforced Concrete, PZT

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