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Optimized Transgene Delivery Using Third-Generation Lentiviruses

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  • cpmb.125

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The lentivirus system enables efficient genetic modification of both dividing and non-dividing cells and therefore is a useful tool for elucidating developmental processes and disease pathogenesis. The development of third-generation lentiviruses has resulted in improved biosafety, low immunogenicity, and substantial packaging capabilities. However, because third-generation lentiviruses require successful co-transfection with four plasmids, this typically means that lower titers are attained. This is problematic, as it is often desirable to produce purified lentiviruses with high titers (>1 × 108 TU/ml), especially for in vivo applications. The manufacturing process for lentiviruses involves several critical experimental factors that can influence titer, purity, and transduction efficiency. Here, we describe a straightforward, stepwise protocol for the reproducible manufacture of high-titer third-generation lentiviruses (1 × 108 to 1 × 109 TU/ml). This optimized protocol enhances transgene expression by use of Lipofectamine transfection and optimized serum replacement medium, a single ultracentrifugation step, use of a sucrose cushion, and addition of a histone deacetylation inhibitor. Furthermore, we provide alternate methods for titration analyses, including functional and genomic integration analyses, using common laboratory techniques such as FACS as well as genomic DNA extraction and qPCR. These optimized methods will be beneficial for investigating developmental processes and disease pathogenesis in vitro and in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere125
JournalCurrent Protocols in Molecular Biology
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

    Research areas

  • high titer, lentiviral production, lipofection, third-generation, ultracentrifugation

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