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On Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing in Low Earth Orbit Nanosatellite Constellations

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The increasing demand for applications of the Internet of Things (IoT) has produced the emergence of use cases with challenging scenarios for cellular access. In such use cases, Low Earth Orbit (LEO) small satellite constellations provide global coverage for regions isolated from terrestrial infrastructure, but pose difficulties for routing given their dynamic nature. In this paper, we study ad hoc distance vector routing for LEO small satellite constellations. We provide a qualitative evaluation based on performance metrics such as scalability, robustness and energy consumption. Then, we propose Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) as an applicable protocol and compare it with flooding with an implementation of a network simulator in C# for various constellation sizes and routing options. Our results show that routing across the constellation seam and the active route timeout play a critical role in the Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) and packet throughput. Although reasonably functional, we conclude that AODV should be complemented with proactive routing in tightly controlled polar constellations, since pre-computed routing tables will perform better under specific conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE 91st Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2020-Spring)
Number of pages6
Publication year2020
Article number9128736
ISBN (electronic)9781728152073
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event91st IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC Spring 2020 - Antwerp, Belgium
Duration: 25 May 202028 May 2020


Conference91st IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC Spring 2020

    Research areas

  • AODV, constellations, LEO, nanosatellite, routing

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