Olive Leaf Extract (OLE) impaired vasopressin-induced aquaporin-2 trafficking through the activation of the calcium-sensing receptor

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  • Marianna Ranieri, University of Bari
  • ,
  • Annarita Di Mise, University of Bari
  • ,
  • Mariangela Centrone, University of Bari
  • ,
  • Mariagrazia D’Agostino, University of Bari
  • ,
  • Stine Julie Tingskov
  • Maria Venneri, University of Bari
  • ,
  • Tommaso Pellegrino, University of Bari
  • ,
  • Graziana Difonzo, University of Bari
  • ,
  • Francesco Caponio, University of Bari
  • ,
  • Rikke Norregaard
  • Giovanna Valenti, University of Bari
  • ,
  • Grazia Tamma, University of Bari

Vasopressin (AVP) increases water permeability in the renal collecting duct through the regulation of aquaporin-2 (AQP2) trafficking. Several disorders, including hypertension and inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), are associated with abnormalities in water homeostasis. It has been shown that certain phytocompounds are beneficial to human health. Here, the effects of the Olive Leaf Extract (OLE) have been evaluated using in vitro and in vivo models. Confocal studies showed that OLE prevents the vasopressin induced AQP2 translocation to the plasma membrane in MCD4 cells and rat kidneys. Incubation with OLE decreases the AVP-dependent increase of the osmotic water permeability coefficient (Pf). To elucidate the possible effectors of OLE, intracellular calcium was evaluated. OLE increases the intracellular calcium through the activation of the Calcium Sensing Receptor (CaSR). NPS2143, a selective CaSR inhibitor, abolished the inhibitory effect of OLE on AVP-dependent water permeability. In vivo experiments revealed that treatment with OLE increases the expression of the CaSR mRNA and decreases AQP2 mRNA paralleled by an increase of the AQP2-targeting miRNA-137. Together, these findings suggest that OLE antagonizes vasopressin action through stimulation of the CaSR indicating that this extract may be beneficial to attenuate disorders characterized by abnormal CaSR signaling and affecting renal water reabsorption.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4537
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

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