Non-covalent hitchhiking on endogenous carriers as a protraction mechanism for antiviral macromolecular prodrugs

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Albumin is a highly successful tool of drug delivery providing drastically extended body and blood residence time for the associated cargo, but it only traffics single drug copies at a time. In turn, macromolecular prodrugs (MP) are advantaged in carrying a high drug payload but offering only a modest extension of residence time to the conjugated drugs. In this work, we engineer MP to contain terminal groups that bind to albumin via non-covalent association and reveal that this facile measure affords a significant protraction for the associated polymers. This methodology is applied to MP of acyclovir, a successful drug against herpes simplex virus infection but with poor pharmacokinetics. Resulting albumin-affine MP were efficacious agents against herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) both in vitro and in vivo. In the latter case, sub-cutaneous administration of MP resulted in local (vaginal) antiviral effects and a systemic protection. Presented benefits of non-covalent association with albumin are readily transferrable to a wide variety of MP in development for drug delivery as anticancer, anti-inflammatory, and anti-viral measures.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Pages (from-to)298-310
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2019

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